|born on||19 August 1900 at 01:00 (= 01:00 AM )|
|Place||Zaandam, Netherlands, 52n27, 4e49|
|Timezone||LST m4e53 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||25°33' 14°41 Asc. 13°43'|
Dutch professor of theoretical and applied physics.
He was the son of Klaas Zwikker (14 December 1870, Westzaan - 3 August 1940, Zaandam) and Klaartje Dil (29 December 1870, Oostzaan - 22 October 1946, Eindhoven).
In 1918 he initially studied Chemistry at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), later Mathematics and Physics under Pieter Zeeman (till 1927). He considered graduating on Theoretical Physics under Zeeman, but he knew that this took his predecessors typically seven years.
From 1923 to 1929 he worked as a research assistant at the Phillips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (Natlab) in Eindhoven under Gilles Horst (Haarlem, 20 maart 1886 – 11 Octobre 1968, Waalre). Holst, once an assistant of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, promoted on "Les propriétés thermiques de l'ammoniaque et du chlorure de méthyle" in Zürich ., became in 1914 the first director of Natlab and had like Zwikker a sharp eye for the applications in practice of theoretical physical science. Or just more the engineering and practical doing side of natural science.
Zwikker graduated on 24 June 1925 3 PM at the UvA with a thesis entitled "Physische eigenschappen van wolfraam bij hooge temperaturen” (Properties of Tungsten at high temperatures). Tungsten was used in the incandescent light bulbs made by the Phillips gloeilampenfabriek in Eindhoven .
In 1929 Zwikker was appointed professor of Theoretical and Applied Physics at the Technical University of Delft. The acoustic design of many buildings, including the studios of the AVRO Radio, were done by him and his students like the Acoustics engineer and professor Piet de Lange (1921 - 1999). They tried to keep the reverberation times low (echo <2 seconds), even in large rooms - where the sound waves of course must travel longer distances - to enable the clear appreciation of human speech and music. The design of the for their "intimate" sounding acoustics, famous, large Music Halls like: the "Boston Symphony Hall"; the "Concertgebouw" in Amsterdam and the "Goldener Saal" of the Wiener Musikverein were there great miraculous architectural examples.
Prof. Zwikker held many major positions: Chairman of the Dutch Physical Society and the Dutch Physicist Council, Secretary of the Dutch Society for Illumination, Secretary and co-founder of the Sound Foundation and editor of the Dutch Magazine for Physics. He was appointed a member of The Batavian Society; The Utrecht Province Society; The Amsterdam Society for Nature, Medicine and Surgery and was extraordinary member of the Patent Office. In 1945 he asked to resigned and accepted the position of Technical Director of the Light Group NV Philips in Eindhoven. From 1956 to 1970 he held the position of professor again but now at the Technical University in Eindhoven. He advised the Dutch government on the illumination of roads.
He died died 20 April 20 1985 in Zwijndrecht.
He married on 17 April 1924 in Zaandam Johanna Dorothea Theinert (9 Jan 1901, Zaandam - 31 March 1984, Eindhoven).
In his spare time he studied music and archeology.
- (has as) teacher relationship with Zeeman, Pieter (born 25 May 1865)
- compare to chart of Bijvoet, Bernard (born 14 December 1889). Notes: acoustics of theatre auditoriums
- Relationship : Marriage 17 April 1924 in Zaandam (Johanna Dorothea Theinert)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 24 June 1925 at 3:00 PM in Amsterdam (Dissertation: Physische eigenschappen van wolfraam bij hooge temperaturen)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Gauquelin Series A Volume 2 #3647
- Vocation : Education : Researcher (Professor of Theoretical and Applied Physics at the Technical University of Delft)
- Vocation : Engineer : Other Engineer (Consultant on many applied fields, including light and acoustics.)
- Vocation : Science : Physics
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession