Wolkers, Jan

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Wolkers, Jan Gender: M
Wolkers, Jan Hendrik
born on 26 October 1925 at 07:45 (= 07:45 AM )
Place Oegstgeest, Netherlands, 52n11, 4e28
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Koppejan
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 02°22' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 22°28 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 11°43'



Jan Wolkers (in 1995)
photo: Harry Cock, cropped by User:Zanaq, license gfdl

Biography

Post-war Dutch author, sculptor and painter. Wolkers is considered one of the "Great Four" writers of post WW2 Dutch literature.

He was the third child of Hendrik Wolkers Sr. (26 October 1890 - 12 November 1976, Oegstgeest) and Jannetje van der Heijde (18 July 1899- 12 May 1979, Oegstgeest), who married 22 September 1922 in Amsterdam. Between 29 July 1922 and 3 February 1943 got eleven children.

Wolkers follewed some secondary education, but left the ULO prematurely to have some jobs. From 1 October 1941 till November 1944 he had drawing lessons in the evening in leiden. From November 1944 till the end of the war he hided in his parental house to escape "Arbeiseinsatz" in Germany. After the war he hitch-hiked to Paris, but having no money he came back after some weeks.

From 1 October 1945 til summer 1948 he studied at the Royal Art Academy in Den Haag. In 1947 he broke with his father and married Maria Lena de Roo. From 1949 till his diploma on 16 May 1953 he studied sculpture in Amsterdam.

Based on his novel the movie, "Turkish Fruits" was nominated for an Academy Award for best foreign language film of 1972 and in 1999 won the award for Best Dutch Film of the Century. The 1987 Dutch film "Terug naar Oegstgeest" directed by the late Theo van Gogh was based on his work.

He is also known for his outdoor sculptures in the Netherlands which feature glass and steel and as such have been vandalized. His Auschwitz monument of broken mirrors on the Oosterbegraafplaats (24 March 1976, Amsterdam), was destroyed 29 January 1993 in the Wertheimpark, few days before the official first exposure on 31 January 1993 on the new place. On 23 September 1993 it was restored. On the last Sunday of January the yearly Auschwitz memorial in Amsterdam is held here. He also made monuments in remembrance of the politician Joop den Uyl, the movement of "De Tachtigers", environmentalist Jac. P. Thijsse (Den Burg), het ‘milieu’-monument, hand the freedom monument in Doesburg.

The week before his death he was admitted to hospital in Den Helder for erysipelas. On 15 October 2007 incurable liver cirrhosis was diagnosed. He went home and died in his sleep on 19 October 2007 at Westermient on the Isle of Texel.

Personal

Wolkers married trice. On 16 July 1947 he married Maria Lena de Roo (19 January 1923, Goes - 19 December 1993, Amsterdam). They got three children. Erik Peter (5 Jan 1948, Leiden), Eva Maria (26 May 1949 - 10 June 1951, A'dam) and Jeroen Sebastiaan (3 April 1953, Goes). They divorced on 9 March 1957 because of Wolkers extramarital affair with Annemarie Nauta.

From 12 November 1958 till 4 Augustus 1960 he was married to the red haired Anna Maria (Annemarie) Nauta (7 June 1937, Leeuwarden). They met in 1956 and had a passionate relationship, that started and ended abruptly. Their love letters are bundled in "Brieven aan Olga" (2010). His most famous novel "Turks fruit", dealing with death and sexuality, also refers to his relation to Annemarie.

In 1963 he met the 17 years old Catharina (Karina) Gnirrep (21 March 1946). They soon lived together and married 15 January 1981, shortly before the birth of the twin brothers Bob and Tom (22 March 1981).

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • (has as) student relationship with Zadkine, Ossip (born 14 July 1890 Jul.Cal. (26 July 1890 greg.))
  • other kind of relationship with Thijsse, Jacobus Pieter (born 25 July 1865). Notes: Both environmentalists, Wolkers made the Thijsse monument (1 May 2003)

Events

  • Death of Sibling 30 August 1944 (Gerrit Johannes Wolkers (diphtheria ))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 30 September 1944 (Beatrix (diphtheria ))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital November 1944 (Hided for the Germans till the end of the war)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 16 July 1947 (Maria Lena de Roo)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 5 January 1948 in Leiden (Erik Peter)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 26 May 1949 in Leiden (Eva Maria)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Child 10 June 1951 in Amsterdam (Eva Maria had a fatal accident with hot water in the bathroom)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 3 April 1953 in Goes (Jeroen Sebastiaan)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : End a program of study 16 May 1953 in Amsterdam (Diploma sculpture in Amsterdam)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize 27 February 1954 (Nationale Vredesprijs)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1956 (Terug naar Oegstgeest)
  • Social : Begin a program of study 1 February 1957 in Paris (went to Paris to study under Ossip Zadkine)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Divorce dates 9 March 1957 (Maria Lena de Roo)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1963 (" Een Roos van Vlees" about Eva Maria)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 16 March 1963 in Leiden (First single exposition opened by Gerard Kornelis van het Reve)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1969 (novel "Turks fruits" translated into 10 languages and made a movie)
  • Other Work 22 February 1973 in Amsterdam (Premiere of Turks fruit by Paul Verhoeven.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 15 January 1981 (Catharina (Karina) Gnirrep)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 22 March 1981 (twins Bob and Tom)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Misc. : Lose something 29 January 1993 in Amsterdam (Auschwitzmonument destroyed)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 23 September 1993 in Amsterdam (Auschwitzmonument restored)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mate 19 December 1993 in Amsterdam (Maria Lena de Roo)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released April 2005 (Brieven aan Olga)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Health : Chronic illness 15 October 2007 in Den Helder (incurable liver cirrhosis diagnosed)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Koppejan explicitly quotes the Municipal Archive for 26 Oct 1925 at 7h45 AM in beeldgids van de Dierenriem. Same time in Taeger Lexicon (no source).

In his autobiographical work "Terug naar Oegstgeest", Wolkers writes: "Op de vijfendertigste verjaardag van mijn vader, 26 oktober 1925, ben ik geboren. 's Ochtends om kwart over zes." (6h15 AM). His biographers Murk Salverda en Erna Staal DBNL note the official "geboorteaangifte om 7.45 uur", also given by Koppejan. Both times yield a double Scorpio, whose works typically dealt with the themes death and sex.

Erna Staal en Murk Salverda, Tijd bestaat niet. Leven en werk van Jan Wolkers · dbnl contains a time-line of his life.

Categories

  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Liver/Pancreas/Spleen (Died of incurable liver cirrhosis)
  • Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (sculptor using much glass)
  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer (Terug naar Oegstgeest)
  • Vocation : Writers : Erotic
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction