Weizmann, Chaim

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Name
Weizmann, Chaim Gender: M
Chaim Azriel Weizmann
born on 27 November 1874
Place Motol', Belarus, 52n19, 25e36
Timezone LMT m25e36 (is local mean time)
Data source
Date w/o time
Rodden Rating X
Collector: Taeger
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 05°03' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif or s_leocol.18.gif



Alternative birthtime
Date given by him
Date 17 November 1874 Jul.Cal. (29 Nov 1874 greg.)
Place Motol', BY, 52n19, 25e36
Timezone LMT m25e36 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 07°05' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif


Chaim Weizmann (after his election to Presidency of Israel, 1949)
photo: http://www.flickr.com/people/69061470@N05, license cc-by-sa-3.0

Biography

Russian-born chemist and Zionist leader and the first President of Israel, a largely ceremonial post he held from 17 February 1949 to his death on 9 November 1952. As a chemist Weizmann discovered how to use bacterial fermentation to make acetone which is used in the production of cordite explosive propellants critical to the British effort in World War I. David Lloyd George, then Minister of Munitions, together with Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, encouraged Weizmann's development process in 1915 and by the next year six British distilleries had been established which produced 30,000 tons of acetone for the war effort.

His contribution to the war effort earned him the attention of the British government and gave him the opportunity to promote Zionist aspirations to the Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour. Balfour issued the very important Balfour Declaration which supported Weizmann's Zionist objectives. At this time Weizmann became president of the British Zionist Federation.

During WWI Weizmann was director of the British Admiralty laboratories. During WWII he was the honorary adviser to the British Ministry of Supply and did research on synthetic rubber and high-octane gasoline. Through various military occupations, Japan had sole access to prior sources of rubber and there was great interest in Weizmann's work on synthetic rubber.

Weizmann convinced his old friend Winston Churchill to establish an all Jewish fighting unit composed of 15,000 men from Palestine serving with the British army as Jews under their own flag. Weizmann saw this as a first small step in achieving statehood.

After the war Weizmann became disillusioned by the violence in Palestine and the new terrorist tactics of the Revisionist faction. His influence decreased as new leaders ascended the ranks.

He was married to Vera Weizmann (born 27 November 1881). The couple had two sons. The younger one, Flight Lt Michael Oser Weizmann died in 1942 at age 25 while serving as a pilot in the British No. 502 RAF Squadron. He was killed when his plane was shot down over the Bay of Biscay.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • associate relationship with Balfour, Arthur (born 25 July 1848). Notes: Collaborated on Balfour Declaration
  • associate relationship with Ben-Gurion, David (born 16 October 1886). Notes: partner in establishing Israel
  • associate relationship with Einstein, Albert (born 14 March 1879). Notes: Together they raised funds for Hebrew University in Jerusalem
  • business associate/partner relationship with Buber, Martin (born 8 February 1878)
  • has other family relationship with Weizman, Ezer (born 15 June 1924). Notes: Uncle/ nephew

Events

  • Work : New Career 1901 (Chemist and lecturer at University of Geneva)
  • Work : New Job 1904 (Lecturer in chemistry at University of Manchester, England)
  • Work : Begin Major Project 1917 (President of British Zionist Federation)
  • Work : Gain social status 1920 (Assumed leadership of World Zionist Organization)
  • Work : Gain social status 1949 (Elected first President of Israel)

Source Notes

Birth time unknown. Penfield speculated 20.30 LMT.

Starkman quotes Jehuda Reinharz's monumental biography Chaim Weizmann: The Making of a Zionist Leader: "Weizmann himself declared that he was born on 17 November 1874 (no mention if it is Julian or Gregorian calander). In a document from his Russian school appeared the date 12 November 1873, the same date also in the certificate from Technical College in Berlin and in his PhD from University of Frebourg. In the Geneva University documents appears the date 14 November 1874. 1873 appears to be only a lapsus. In all the documents from 1906 onward appears the date 27 November, the same also in his citizenship certificate of England".

Starkman rectified to 17 November 1874 OS (29 November 1874 NS) 06.22.08 LMT Asc 20Sco58.

Categories

  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive (PhD)
  • Vocation : Politics : Heads of state (First President of Israel, 1949-1952)
  • Vocation : Science : Chemistry (Doctorate with honors from University of Fribourg, Switzerland)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Acetone)