|Birthname||Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt|
|born on||24 December 1837 at 14:00 (= 2:00 PM )|
|Place||Como, Italy, 45n47, 9e05|
|Timezone||LMT m9e05 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||02°37' 23°03 Asc. 26°20'|
Italian noted family, illegitimate daughter of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt and Marie d'Agoult. She became the second wife of the German composer Richard Wagner, and with him founded the Bayreuth Festival as a showcase for his stage works; after his death she devoted the rest of her life to the promotion of his music and philosophy. Commentators have recognised Cosima as the principal inspiration for Wagner's later works, particularly Parsifal.
In 1857, after a childhood largely spent under the care of her grandmother and with governesses, Cosima married the conductor Hans von Bülow. Although the marriage produced two children, it was largely a loveless union, and in 1863 Cosima began a relationship with Wagner, who was 24 years her senior. She married him in 1870; after his death in 1883 she directed the Bayreuth Festival for more than 20 years, increasing its repertoire to form the Bayreuth canon of ten operas and establishing the festival as a major event in the world of musical theatre.
During her directorship, Cosima opposed theatrical innovations and adhered closely to Wagner's original productions of his works, an approach continued by her successors long after her retirement in 1907. She shared Wagner's convictions of German cultural and racial superiority, and under her influence, Bayreuth became increasingly identified with antisemitism. This was a defining feature of Bayreuth for decades, into the Nazi era which closely followed her death on 1 April 1930. Thus, although she is widely perceived as the saviour of the festival, her legacy remains controversial.
- friend relationship with Wilhelm, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine (born 16 November 1845)
- parent->child relationship with Beidler, Isolde (born 10 April 1865)
- parent->child relationship with Bülow, Daniela von (born 12 October 1860)
- parent->child relationship with D' Agoult, Marie (born 30 December 1805)
- child->parent relationship with d'Agoult, Marie (born 31 December 1805)
- child->parent relationship with Liszt, Franz (born 22 October 1811)
- spouse relationship with Wagner, Richard (born 22 May 1813)
- sibling relationship with Liszt, Blandine (born 18 December 1835)
- sibling relationship with Liszt, Daniel (born 9 May 1839)
- has other family relationship with Humperdinck, Wolfram (born 29 April 1893). Notes: Godmother/ godson
Sy Scholfield quotes two sources: "Franz Liszt: The Virtuoso Years, 1811-1847" by Alan Walker (Cornell University Press, 1987), p. 247: "When Marie d'Agoult's confinement became imminent, the couple moved to Como and took up residence at the Hotel dell'Angelo. And it was here, on December 24, at two o'clock in the afternoon, that Marie gave birth to a daughter. They called her Francesca Gaetana Cosima, and she was baptized in the Cathedral of Como on December 26."
Also: "Lettres à Cosima et à Daniela" by Franz Liszt (Editions Mardaga, 1996), p. 68: "Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt est née à Côme, le 24 décembre 1837, à deux heures de l'après-midi."
Previously this data had 10pm/Bellagio rated C (Rectified from approx. time): Lescaut quotes a biography for "born in the evening."
- Family : Childhood : Family noted (Daughter of Franz Liszt)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Hans Von Bulow, Richard Wagner)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (Richard Wagner)
- Personal : Birth : Illegitimate birth
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 92)
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women