Van Kleffens, Eelco

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Name
Van Kleffens, Eelco Gender: M
Eelco Nicolaas van Kleffens
born on 17 November 1894 at 17:00 (= 5:00 PM )
Place Heerenveen, Netherlands, 52n57, 5e56
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 25°21' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 23°40 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 17°51'



Eelco Van Kleffens (1945)
photo: Unknownwikidata:Q4233718, license cc-by-sa-3.0

Biography

Dutch jurist, politician and UN diplomat.

He was born in an old Frisian family of jurists and magistrates. His father Henricus Cato van Kleffens (8 November 1861 6 AM, Dokkum - 30 July 1942, Arnhem) was a prosecutor, who married trice.

On 15 September 1890, he married in Groningen, Jeannette Fresina Veenhoven (18 February 1864 8 AM, Hoogezand - 17 July 1906 3 AM, Groningen). They got four children: A stillborn daughter that died 12 July 1893 at 8 PM in Heerenveen. Eelco, the diplomat of this entry. A daughter Gesina Jantina (23 December 1896, Heerenveen - 31 March 1930 5h30, Amsterdam) and Adrianus van Kleffens (14 October 1899 10 PM Nijehaske- 2 August 1973, 2 August 1973, De Steeg), who became a judge at the European Court of Justice from 1952 to 1958.

On 25 May 1908, the father married in Leiden Sabine Johanna Janke van Ilpsema Vinckers (6 December 1861, Appingedam - 18 October 1911, Den Haag). On 17 April 1913, he married in Den Haag Anna Margaretha de Graaff (4 February 1875, Haarlem - 17 April 1943, Velp).

Van Kleffens followed in his childhood his father along its ranks as deputy prosecutor of Groningen and Heerenveen (till 1905) to The Hague. In Heerenveen he met Rudolph Cleveringa, both would become PhD jurists in Leiden on the same day (16 January 1919). He studied Law in Leiden from 17 September 1913 until 12 June 1917 (exams). He dissertated under M.J.M, van Eysinga on the legal relations between the Netherlands and Japan: "De internationaalrechtelijke betrekkingen tussen Nederland en Japan (1605-heden)". In 1609 the Dutch were granted extensive trading rights and set up a Dutch East India Company trading outpost at Hirado, Japan.

At that time he worked for the just established League of Nations. In 1920, he accepted a position as the executive secretary of the Royal Dutch Shell Group in London.

From 1929 until his not implemented appointment as ambassador in Bern on 1 August 1939 of Kleffens was chief of the diplomatic affairs at the Dutch Foreign Ministry. But as WW2 broke out, the comfortable diplomatic post in Bern was changed for the difficult post as minister of Foreign Affairs in times of war (10 August 1939 - 1 March 1946).

From September 1939 until the German invasion of the Netherlands (10 May 1940, Van Kleffens was a convinced supporter of Dutch neutrality during WW2. But as a Foreign minister in exile in London, he would write "The rape of the Netherlands" (1940, London).

War games had changed in the 20th century. In Napoleon times heroes combated in man to man fights other heroes, but now the leaders were blackmailed with the threat of bombardment of their innocent "virgin" civilians in open cities. The medieval city of Rotterdam was burned down, starting on 14 May 1940 around 13h30 in the Rotterdam Blitz, and without any left air defence, all Dutch cities became open cities. The bombardment of Utrecht was the next easy target in what we now would call a "war criminality" Nazi scenario. The Dutch defences (Waterlinie and other fortresses) were just surpassed by flying over them. The rules of the game had changed. On 15 May 1940, one day after the bombing of Rotterdam, the Dutch forces surrendered. The Dutch government and the royal family escaped and went into exile in London.

That same morning, when the German troops invaded the Netherlands (10 May 1940 at 4h55 AM), he flew to London, to ask for support. The Dutch government of De Geer and Queen Wilhelmina would follow, as the Dutch army was no party for the Wehrmacht. A few days later he went to Paris to ask for help. But the Netherlands capitulated and the Dutch Government went into exile.

Van Kleffen's wife also succeeded to escape to London. In London preparations were made for post war policies. In September 1944 the Benelux was erected (the countries still being occupied)). On 28 December 1943 he pleaded for the erection of an Atlantic Treaty organisation, the later NATO.

After WW2 the United Nation were erected. On 26 July 1945 Van Kleffens signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center the Dutch commitment to the United Nations Charter. It was effectuated on 24 October 1945. August 1946 he would become chairman of the United Nations Security Council.

From 31 July 1947 till 1 May 1949 he was the Dutch ambassador in Washington. End 1947 Van Kleffens was opposed to the entry of Indonesia to the UN as the human rights in the self declared Indonesian Republic were violated by keeping hostages.

On 4 July 1950 he became Dutch minister of State. That same year he was ambassador to Portugal. From 21 September 1954 till 15 September 1955 he was the 9th chairman of the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

Personal

He married Margaret Helen Horstmann (25 February 1912, Rotterdam - 1993) on 4 April 1935 in Den Haag. Her father Adolph Otto Horstmann (19 April 1875, Rotterdam - 11 may 1918, Rotterdam ) was in the directory board of Esso. They had no children. In 1967 he definitively moved to Portugal. He renovated a house named Casal de Santa Filomena in Almoçageme and enjoyed walking and sailing. His memoirs were published from 1980-1983. He died 17 June 1983 in Portugal.


Link to Wikipedia

Link to Astrodienst discussion forum

Relationships

  • friend relationship with Cleveringa, Rudolph (born 2 April 1894). Notes: Friends in Heerenveen and Leiden

Events

  • Death of Significant person 13 November 1889 in Dokkum (Grandmother Catharina Elisabeth van Slooten had 8 children)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 12 July 1893 at 8:00 PM in Heerenveen (Stillborn sibling N. died on her birthday)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mother 17 July 1906 at 03:00 AM in Groningen (Jeannette Fresina Veenhoven)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Significant person 1 March 1907 in Dokkum (Grandfather Dr. Eelke Nicolaas van Kleffens [1])
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mother 18 October 1911 in Den Haag (Sabine Johanna Janke van Ilpsema Vinckers (stepmother))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Begin a program of study 17 September 1913 in Leiden (Law in Leiden)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : End a program of study 12 June 1917 (Law in Leiden)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 16 January 1919 in Leiden (Dissertation: "De internationaalrechtelijke betrekkingen tussen Nederland en Japan (1605-heden)")
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 1 November 1923 in Den Haag (Sub-chief Diplomatic affairs of Foreign affairs.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 12 August 1929 in Den Haag (Chief Diplomatic affairs of Foreign affairs)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 31 March 1930 at 05:30 AM in Amsterdam (Gesina Jantina van Kleffens)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize 28 August 1931 (Knight of the Order of the Dutch Lion)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 10 August 1939 in Den Haag (Minister of Foreign affairs and vice premier till March 1, 1946)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Begin Travel 10 May 1940 in Den Haag (fled in the morning to London, later exile, few days later to Paris to ask for help)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Father 30 July 1942 in Arnhem (Henricus Cato van Kleffens)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mother 17 April 1943 in Velp (Anna Margaretha de Graaff (stepmother))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status February 1945 in London (Asked for becoming PM, but preferred to work under Gerbrandy)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Career 1 March 1946 (Minister without portfolio to July 1, 1947 (Dutch United Nations Security Council representative)))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status August 1946 in New York (Chairman of the United Nations Security Council)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 31 July 1947 (Dutch ambassador in Washington till 1 May 1949)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize November 1947 in Holland (PhD honoris causa "Hope College" in Holland (Michigan, US))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize 30 April 1949 (Knigthed: Grand Cross Order of Orange-Nassau)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 1 May 1949 in Lisboa (Diplomat and minister in Portugal till dec 1956)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Retired 1 May 1950 (Office charge till Oct 7, 1950)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 4 July 1950 in Den Haag (Minister of state till his death)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 21 September 1954 in New York (chairman of the United Nations General Assembly till Sept 15, 1955)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Joined group 5 May 1956 in Utrecht (KNAW member (Letters))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job December 1956 (Dutch representative for the NATO and OESO till 1 May 1958)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 1 May 1958 in London (Dutch representative at the European Coal and Steel Community till October 1, 1967)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 2 August 1973 in De Steeg (Adrianus van Kleffens)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Svi retrieved BC's from the municipal archive and uploaded it to Astrodienst.

Starkman rectified to 16.55.28 LT (16.35.56 GMT) Asc 16Gem 35'.

Kleffens, Eelco Nicolaas van (1894-1983): Knaw biography

Mr. E.N. (Eelco) van Kleffens - Parlement & Politiek

Categories

  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive
  • Traits : Mind : I.Q. high/ Mensa level
  • Traits : Personality : Persistent
  • Family : Childhood : Family noted
  • Lifestyle : Work : Travel for work
  • Vocation : Politics : Diplomat (Ambassador and UN chairman)
  • Vocation : Politics : Government employee (diplomat, minister, secretary)
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office (minister of Foreign Affairs in times of war, minister of state)
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Diplomacy
  • Notable : Awards : Knighted
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure