Toraldo di Francia, Orazio

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Toraldo di Francia, Orazio Gender: M
born on 9 September 1884 at 22:20 (= 10:20 PM )
Place Tropea, Italy, 38n41, 15e54
Timezone LST m12e29 (is standard time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Gauquelin
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 17°33' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 15°08 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 18°34'


Italian geographer who chose to follow a military career, training in Turin first at the Academy of Artillery, then at the Higher School of War. Following his participation in the First World War with the rank of captain, he was active in particular in military operations between Mount Sabotino and Mount Podgora, and was decorated with a silver medal for military valour, a military cross and the croix de guerre.

Graduated in natural sciences at the University of Florence, in 1921 he held the rank of lieutenant colonel, and in 1928 he was promoted to colonel, while four years later he became a major general.

From the beginning of the 1920s he was director of the military and special studies office of the Military Geographic Institute, where a decade later he would be appointed deputy director, and from 1940, director.

At the Istituto Geografico Militare (IGM) he dealt with geographic-military studies, including one on Venice Tridentina (1924), later providing an important contribution to the cartography of Italian Eastern Africa. This gave impetus to astronomical observation on Mount Entoto (Addis Ababa), to geodetic surveys and to the application of photogrammetry in the study of geographic phenomena. He dealt with different scales of the geographical maps of Italy and Albania.

He was president of the Italian Geographic Society from 1945 to 1955. His son, Giuliano, was an eminent physicist. He died in Rome on 9 July 1958.

Link to Wikipedia biography (Italian)


Source Notes

Archives Gauquelin: Scientists & Medical Doctors (Hommes De Science) A, vol. 2, #3168 [1].


  • Vocation : Humanities+Social Sciences : Geography
  • Vocation : Military : Honors
  • Vocation : Military : Military career (Major general)