|Birthname||Arthur Lee Samuel|
|born on||5 December 1901 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Emporia, Kansas, 38n24, 96w11|
|Timezone||CST h6w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||12°33' 10°23 Asc. 18°02'|
American pioneer in the field of computer gaming and artificial intelligence. He popularized the term "machine learning" in 1959. The Samuel Checkers-playing Program was among the world's first successful self-learning programs, and as such a very early demonstration of the fundamental concept of artificial intelligence (AI). He was also a senior member in the TeX community who devoted much time giving personal attention to the needs of users and wrote an early TeX manual in 1983.
He died of complications from Parkinson's disease on 29 July 1990 at age 88 in Stanford, California.
Sy Scholfield provided birth notice, Emporia Daily Republican (Emporia, Kansas), 5 Dec 1901, evening, page 1: "Another undertaker came to town last night, in the shape of a twelve-pound boy, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Samuel." A birth time of 3 AM is speculative.
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Parkinson's
- Personal : Death : Illness/ Disease (Parkinson's)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 88)
- Vocation : Computer : Programmer
- Vocation : Computer : Other Computer
- Vocation : Education : Teacher
- Vocation : Engineer : Electrical
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
- Notable : Famous : First in Field (Computer pioneer)