Samuel, Arthur

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Samuel, Arthur Gender: M
Arthur Lee Samuel
born on 5 December 1901 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )
Place Emporia, Kansas, 38n24, 96w11
Timezone CST h6w (is standard time)
Data source
Rectified from approx. time
Rodden Rating C
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 12°33' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 10°23 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 18°02'

Arthur Samuel
photo: Xl2085, license gfdl


American pioneer in the field of computer gaming and artificial intelligence. He popularized the term "machine learning" in 1959. The Samuel Checkers-playing Program was among the world's first successful self-learning programs, and as such a very early demonstration of the fundamental concept of artificial intelligence (AI). He was also a senior member in the TeX community who devoted much time giving personal attention to the needs of users and wrote an early TeX manual in 1983.

He died of complications from Parkinson's disease on 29 July 1990 at age 88 in Stanford, California.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • Death by Disease 29 July 1990 (Parkinson's disease, age 88)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield provided birth notice, Emporia Daily Republican (Emporia, Kansas), 5 Dec 1901, evening, page 1: "Another undertaker came to town last night, in the shape of a twelve-pound boy, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Samuel." A birth time of 3 AM is speculative.


  • Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Parkinson's
  • Personal : Death : Illness/ Disease (Parkinson's)
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 88)
  • Vocation : Computer : Programmer
  • Vocation : Computer : Other Computer
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher
  • Vocation : Engineer : Electrical
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
  • Notable : Famous : First in Field (Computer pioneer)