Rivas Mercado, Antonieta
|Birthname||María Antonieta Rivas Mercado Castellanos|
|born on||28 April 1900 at 00:00 (= 12:00 midnight )|
|Place||Mexico City, Mexico, 19n24, 99w09|
|Timezone||LMT m99w09 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||07°31' 24°30 Asc. 26°02'|
Mexican intellectual, writer, feminist and arts patron. It was said that knowing Antonieta Rivas Mercado helped open the cultural doors in Mexico.
Rivas Mercado was the second of four children (Alicia; Antonieta; Mario and Amelia) of the notable architect Antonio Rivas Mercado and his wife Cristina Matilde Castellanos Haff. Around 1910, during the Mexican revolution, her parents separated, and her mother moved together with Antonieta's older sister Alice to Paris, where they stayed until their return to Mexico in 1915.
Antonio Rivas Mercado refused to let his wife move back into the family's house, as a result of which Antonieta had to assume more responsibility at home. With her father's permission, at the age of 18, she married British-born, American-raised engineer Albert Edward Blair, and gave birth to their son Donald Antonio (Tonito) on 9 September 1919. (Tonito married the writer Kathryn Skidmore Blair in 1961.) During the time the young family lived in a ranch in the state of Durango, there were periods when Antonieta Rivas sought separation from Blair, but he did not consent, as a result of which she was sometimes depressed.
She eventually moved to Mexico City and tried to file for divorce, and to obtain support for her son. In 1927, her father died, and Antonieta became responsible for the care of her parents' house and her siblings. She financed and promoted cultural projects of considerable relevance; for example, she financed and became principally involved in the foundation of the Teatro Ulises, that broke with commercial theater in the Mexico of the time. Thanks to her encouragement, literary lounges were formed, and the Orquesta Sinfónica of Mexico City was formed.
Rivas Mercado wrote for the magazine Los Contemporáneos and the Spanish periodical El Sol. She fell hopelessly in love with her friend, the painter Manuel Rodríguez Lozano, an affection that was not reciprocated. In 1929, she had an affair with the politician José Vasconcelos, and later supported his electoral campaign. However, this love affair also proved to be fruitless, since Vasconcelos was married. In 1931, Antonieta followed Vasconcelos to Paris and, when rejected, shot herself dead at the altar of Notre Dame de Paris, on 11 February 1931, aged 30.
- lover relationship with Rodríguez Lozano, Manuel (born 4 December 1891). Notes: Platonic, 1928-1931
- lover relationship with Vasconcelos, José (born 27 February 1882). Notes: 1929
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 9 September 1919 (Birth of son Donald Antonio 'Tonito')
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Federal District, Mexico archives: "a los 12 doce de la noche" (at 12 o'clock at night).
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged
- Family : Childhood : Family noted
- Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Second of four)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Chronic misery
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One son)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Inheritance
- Lifestyle : Financial : Philanthropist (Arts patron)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Wealthy
- Personal : Death : Suicide
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ feminist
- Vocation : Writers : Other Writers