Rayer, Pierre

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Rayer, Pierre Gender: M
Pierre François Olive Rayer
born on 8 March 1793 at 06:30 (= 06:30 AM )
Place Saint-Sylvain, France, 49n0325, 0w1257
Timezone LMT m0w1257 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 18°12' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 23°12 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 16°49'

Pierre Rayer


French physician who made important contributions in the fields of pathological anatomy, physiology, comparative pathology and parasitology.

He studied medicine at Caen, and afterwards in Paris at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes and at the Hôtel-Dieu. He became an interne of medicine in 1813, and in 1818 earned his medical doctorate. Later on, he became a physician at Hôpital Saint-Antoine (1825), and at the Hôpital de la Charité (1832), and was also a consultant-physician to King Louis-Philippe. In 1862 he attained the chair of comparative anatomy and was named dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Paris.

In 1837 Rayer discovered that the fatal equine disease known as glanders was contagious to other species, including humans. Between 1837 and 1841 he published a three-volume book on diseases of the kidney titled Traité des maladies des reins. In 1850 Rayer published a paper that provided the first description of the anthrax bacillus (Inoculation du sang de rate, 1850). In this work he documented studies that he performed with physician Casimir Davaine (1812-1882) in regards to Bacillus anthracis. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1855.

Rayer was a member of the Académie de Médecine and the Académie des Sciences, and co-founder of the Société de biologie, of which he was also president. He maintained friendships with several influential people in France, that included naturalist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, novelist George Sand and philosopher Émile Littré.

He died on 10 September 1867, aged 74, in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia biography



Source Notes

Sy Scholfield provided birth certificate from the online Calvados archives.


  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive (MD)
  • Vocation : Education : Administrator
  • Vocation : Medical : Physician
  • Vocation : Science : Biology
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Medico-scientific)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator ("Anthrax bacillus")