Rama IV, King of Siam
|born on||19 October 1804 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Bangkok, Thailand, 13n45, 100e31|
|Timezone||LMT m100e31 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°16' 22°29 Asc. 12°26'|
Thai royalty, the fourth monarch of Siam (1851-1868), best known outside Thailand as the king in the 1951 musical and 1956 film The King and I, based on the 1946 film Anna and the King of Siam—in turn based on a 1944 novel by an American missionary about Anna Leonowens' years at his court, from 1862 to 1867.
He was the oldest legitimate son of King Rama II, trained from childhood to assume the throne. Though he had slaves to answer every need, Mongkut’s life was filled with study and ritual. At 18, he spent a year in a Buddhist monastery and while there, his father died and his older half-brother, the son of a concubine, took the throne for himself as King Rama III. Mongkut had no taste to embark on a war and he lived as a celibate monk in the monastery for 27 years. He meditated and studied religion, Latin, English and astronomy and each morning, took his begging bowl to the street for his food.
When Rama III died in 1851, Mongkut assumed the throne as King Rama IV on 15 May 1851.
Small in stature, he was known for being wise, progressive, unpretentious, devout and just. He was the first Siamese ruler to recognize the vital importance of opening his country to the West at the same time as maintaining defenses against invasion. He reached shrewd trade agreements, opening foreign markets while avoiding external colonization. He was also the first Thai king whose face was seen in public.
He was also an astrologer. He wrote an astrological textbook called "Shards of King Mongkut" and he has been regarded and honoured as the "Father of Thai Astrology."
Mongkut was glamorized in the 1946 film "Anna and the King of Siam." He had ruled for 10 years and was 55 years old when Anna Leonowens arrived in Siam as a tutor. At that time he had hundreds of wives and 67 children and during the next five years he would father another 18. He joked that had to make up for nearly three decades of celibacy, However, his many wives were allowed to "withdraw" from the palace, if they chose, to marry others.
In 1867, Anna left Siam, a sad and affectionate farewell. Though her imperialistic ways had often been abrasive, she was loved by the wives and children for her kindness. The following year, Mongkut took a large entourage to a swampy area to see an eclipse that he had predicted from his enduring love of astronomy. The mosquitos in the area gave malaria to the entire party; many survived but not King Rama IV. Having been born on the morning of a Full Moon, he died on the evening of a Full Moon, at 9:05 PM on 1 October 1868 at age 63, surrounded by chanting monks in the Grand Palace in Bangkok, leaving the throne to his oldest son, Chulalonghorn.
- parent->child relationship with Rama V, King of Siam (born 20 September 1853)
- role played of/by Brynner, Yul (born 11 July 1920). Notes: 1951 play and 1956 film "The King and I"
- role played of/by Granger, Farley (born 1 July 1925). Notes: 1960 off-Broadway play "The King and I"
- role played of/by Harrison, Rex (born 5 March 1908). Notes: 1946 film "Anna and the King of Siam"
- role played of/by Nureyev, Rudolph (born 17 March 1938). Notes: 1989-1990 play "The King and I"
- role played of/by Phillips, Lou Diamond (born 17 February 1962). Notes: 1996-1998 Broadway+ musical "The King and I"
- role played of/by Wilson, Lambert (born 3 August 1958). Notes: 2014 play "The King and I"
Dorothy Hughes quotes the Thai Ambassador, whom she met at the World's Fair in Seattle in 1962 and who wrote her the information after he returned to Thailand (19 October 1804, 3:00 AM, Bangkok).
Wikipedia and many other reference works give 18 October, some give 17 October, but not 19 October. In January 2022 the RR was thus downgraded from A to C until the date of birth was clear.
Sy Scholfield notes that the English Wikipedia gives 18 October apparently taken from the Thai Wikipedia  which states in Thai but here translated into English: "Originally named "Prince Mongkut" he was born at the former royal palace on the 14th day of the waxing moon of the 11th lunar month, the year of the Rat, corresponding to Thursday 18 October 1804 during the reign of His Majesty King Bhumibol... He was born on the full moon day of the 11th lunar month, which is the day of the Great Pavana..."
Scholfield quotes same info but calculated as 17 October in King Maha Mongkut of Siam by John Blofeld (Asia Pacific Press, 1972), page 1: "In the year 1804, according to an old Siamese reckoning no longer in use, the twin anniversaries of the Buddha's birth and passing (the fourteenth day of the waxing moon in the eleventh lunar month) happened to fall on 17th October. On that auspicious day, a grandson was born to King Rama I of Siam."
Delving deeper Scholfield found another reference to 17 October in The Siam Society: Selected Articles from the Siam Society Journal, Volume 4 (Siam Society, 1954): "It was a wish to follow that example that made King Mongkut hope to die on the anniversary of his own birth, which had occurred on the full moon day of the 11th month according to the old calendar (17 October, 1804)."
Despite apparent miscalculations of dates, what seems fairly clear is that he was born on the day of the waxing full moon. The Moon waxed full at about 8 AM on 19 October 1804 so the time of 3 AM on 18 October would have been 29 hours before the Moon fully waxed, therefore we keep the birth time and date of 3 AM on 19 October, rated A, in keeping with his being born on the full moon day.
- Traits : Body : Size (Small in stature)
- Traits : Personality : Principled strongly (Progressive, unpretentious, devout, just)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Half-brother stole the throne)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Many at once)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (85)
- Passions : Sexuality : Celibacy/ Minimal (For 27 years prior to becoming active)
- Passions : Sexuality : Extremes in quantity (Multiple wives, harem)
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Eastern (Monk)
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Eastern (Buddhist)
- Vocation : Occult Fields : Astrologer
- Vocation : Writers : Astrology
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Chakri dynasty, Thailand)
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book