Raffalovich, Marc-André

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Raffalovich, Marc-André Gender: M
born on 11 September 1864 at 09:00 (= 09:00 AM )
Place Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20
Timezone LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 18°50' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 15°50 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 25°52'

Marc-André Raffalovich


French poet and writer on homosexuality, best known today for his patronage of the arts and for his lifelong relationship with the poet John Gray.

Raffalovich was born into a wealthy Jewish family, which moved from Odessa to the French capital, Paris, in 1863. His brother, Arthur, became a noted Parisian financier and economist. André went up to study in Oxford in 1882 before settling down in London and opening a salon in the 1890s. Oscar Wilde attended, calling the event a saloon rather than a salon.[1] This is where Raffalovich met the love and companion of his life, John Gray. In 1890, his sister Sophie married the Irish nationalist politician William O'Brien (1852-1928).

In 1894, Raffalovich started to contribute on the subject of homosexuality to the Archives de l'Anthropologie Criminelle, a prestigious revue founded in Lyon by Alexandre Lacassagne, a pioneer criminologist and professor of forensic medicine. He soon became recognised as an expert in the field, engaging in correspondence with other researchers throughout Europe.

His magnum opus, Uranisme et unisexualité: étude sur différentes manifestations de l'instinct sexuel was published in 1896. In 1897, he started working on Annales de l'unisexualité, and les Chroniques de l'unisexualité with the aim of cataloging everything published on the subject of homosexuality. These have proved useful to historians up to this day.

In 1896, under the influence of John Gray, Raffalovich embraced Catholicism and joined the tertiary order of the Dominicans as Brother Sebastian in honour of Saint Sebastian. At the same time Gray was ordained a priest. In 1905, Gray was appointed to the parish of St Patrick in the working class Cowgate area of Edinburgh. Raffalovich followed and settled down nearby, purchasing No. 9, Whitehouse Terrace. He contributed greatly to the cost of St Peter's Church in Morningside, Edinburgh, of which Gray was appointed the first parish priest. In Whitehouse Terrace, Raffalovich established a successful salon.

Link to Wikipedia biography


Source Notes

birth registry extract

The French Wikipedia page links to the Archives de Paris, which shows the original birth registry. Sy Scholfield quotes same time from birth certificate.


  • Vocation : Writers : Poet