Radama II

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Name
Radama II Gender: M
Prince Rakotosehenondradama
born on 23 September 1829 at 06:00 (= 06:00 AM )
Place Antananarivo, Madagascar, 18s55, 47e31
Timezone LMT m47e31 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 29°47' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 05°47 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 02°10'



Radama II (portrait with crown, 1861)

Biography

Malagasy monarch, the son and heir of Queen Ranavalona I, he ruled from 1861 to 1863 over the Kingdom of Madagascar, which controlled virtually the entire island. Radama's rule, although brief, was a pivotal period in the history of the Kingdom. Under the unyielding and often harsh 33-year rule of his mother, Queen Ranavalona I, Madagascar had successfully preserved its cultural and political independence from French and British designs. Rejecting the queen's policy of isolationism and Christian persecution, Radama II permitted religious freedom and re-opened Madagascar to European influence. Under the terms of the Lambert Charter, which Radama secretly contracted in 1855 with French entrepreneur Joseph-François Lambert while Ranavalona still ruled, the French were awarded exclusive rights to the exploitation of large tracts of valuable land and other lucrative resources and projects. This agreement, which was later revoked by Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony, was key to establishing France's claim over Madagascar as a protectorate and, in 1896, as a colony.

The dramatic contrast between Ranavalona's isolationism and her son's pro-European stance represented an abrupt reversal of policy that threatened the traditional sociopolitical order. Radama's absolutism in pursuing dramatic reforms in disregard of the advice of his ministers ultimately turned them against him. In a coup led by his Prime Minister, Rainivoninahitriniony, Radama II was strangled on 12 May 1863. His wife Rabodo, who took the throne name Rasoherina, was allowed by the ministers to succeed her husband on the condition that she and future sovereigns would no longer rule unilaterally, but rather in concert with the Hova (the class of free citizens) as represented by the position of Prime Minister. The public was informed that Radama had committed suicide and that his body had been unceremoniously interred in a tomb in Ilafy. However, a strong case has since been made on the basis of significant evidence that Radama may indeed have revived after the strangling and lived to old age in anonymity near Lake Kinkony in the northwestern part of the island.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

  • Work : Gain social status 16 August 1861 (Acceded to the throne)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from Radama II, prince de la renaissance malgache: 1861-1863 by Raymond Delval (Éditions de l'École, 1972), page 72: "Le mercredi 27 Asombola, selon le calendrier malgache, ou le 23 septembre 1829, vers six heures du matin, dans le palais de Masoandro, construction en bois située dans l'enceinte du Rova à Tananarive, la Reine Ranavalona Ier mettait au monde un fils auquel elle donna le nom de Rako- tosehenon-dRadama."

Translation: On Wednesday 27 Asombola, according to the Malagasy calendar, or on 23 September 1829, around six o'clock in the morning, in the Masoandro Palace, a wooden building located in the Rova enclosure in Tananarive, the Queen Ranavalona I gave birth to a son to whom she gave the name of Rakotsehenon-dRadama.

Categories

  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Royal family)
  • Family : Childhood : Only child
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Three illegitimate)
  • Personal : Death : Unusual (Mysterious)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (Monarch of Hova dynasty)