Rückert, Friedrich

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Rückert, Friedrich Gender: M
Johann Michael Friedrich Rückert
born on 16 May 1788 at 06:00 (= 06:00 AM )
Place Schweinfurt, Germany, 50n03, 10e14
Timezone LMT m10e14 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Müller
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 25°55' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 10°23 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 26°03'

Friedrich Rückert


German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages known for his facility with many different verse forms.

A gifted linguist, Rückert was master of 44 languages and made his mark chiefly as a translator of Oriental poetry and as a writer of poems conceived in the spirit of Oriental masters. He was self-educated in Oriental languages and, through translations and imitations of Eastern literature, introduced his German readers to Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Chinese mythology and verse. He taught Oriental philology from 1826 at Erlangen and Berlin universities before moving in 1848 to Neuses to devote his life to scholarship and writing. He published several epic poems and historical plays but achieved greater success and repute with his lyric verse, particularly "Liebesfrühling" (1844; “Dawn of Love”), poems written during his courtship of Luise Wiethaus, whom he married in 1821.

Rückert's poetry was a powerful inspiration to composers and there are about 121 settings of his work. Among the composers who set his poetry to music are Schubert, Robert and Clara Schumann, Brahms, Mahler (song cycles Kindertotenlieder,“Songs on the Deaths of Children” written in 1834 on the death of his two children), Max Reger, Richard Strauss, Zemlinsky, Hindemith, Bartók, Berg, Hugo Wolf and Heinrich aspar Schmid.

Rückert had a splendour of imagination which made Oriental poetry congenial to him, and he has seldom been surpassed in rhythmic skill and metrical ingenuity. There are hardly any lyrical forms which are not represented among his vast works, and in all of them he wrote with equal ease and grace.

He died on 31 January 1866 at age 77 in Neuses, near Coburg.

Link to Wikipedia biography



Source Notes

Arno Müller, vol 2. First editor had forgotten to add the time, has been fixed on 10 Jan 2014.

Sy Scholfield quotes same in Friedrich Rückert: Ein biographisches Denkmal (Sauerländer, 1868), page 6: "...sowie durch das Schweinfurter Kirchenbuch bestätigt. In letzterem heißt es wörtlich: „1788 den 16. Mai früh um 6 Uhr ist Johann Michael Friedrich, Herrn Johann Adam Rückert, Advokat allhier, und Frau Maria Barbara, eine geborene Schoppachin, Söhulein geboren..." (Translation: ...and confirmed by the Schweinfurt church registry book. The latter literally states: “In 1788 on 16 May at 6 o'clock in the morning, Johann Michael Friedrich, was born to Mr. Johann Adam Rückert, attorney-at-law, and Ms. Maria Barbara, born Schoppachin.")


  • Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Death of his two favorite children)
  • Personal : Misc. : Changed name (Pseudonym: Freimund Raimar)
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher (Professor of Oriental languages)
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet
  • Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor
  • Vocation : Writers : Translator
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Imagination
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Languages
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Verbal skills
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession