Quezon, Manuel L.
|Birthname||Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina|
|born on||19 August 1878 at 07:00 (= 07:00 AM )|
|Place||Baler, Philippines, 15n46, 121e34|
|Timezone||LMT m121e34 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°48' 01°04 Asc. 12°44'|
President of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states), and is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).
Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".
During his presidency, Quezón tackled the problem of landless peasants in the countryside. Other major decisions include reorganization of the islands' military defense, approval of recommendation for government reorganization, promotion of settlement and development in Mindanao, dealing with the foreign stranglehold on Philippine trade and commerce, proposals for land reform, and opposing graft and corruption within the government. He established an exiled government in the U.S. with the outbreak of the war and the threat of Japanese invasion.
Quezón was married to his first cousin, Aurora Aragón Quezón, on 17 December 1918. The couple had four children.
It was during his exile in the U.S. that he died of tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York, on 1 August 1944.
- associate relationship with Quirino, Elpidio (born 16 November 1890)
Sy Scholfield quotes Manuel Luis Quezon, "The Good Fight" (New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1946), p. 1:
"From the lips of my mother I learned that I was born in Baler, on August 19, 1878, at seven o'clock in the morning. Since no Filipino resident of Baler at the time had a watch - for they were all too poor to own even the cheapest kind - I asked her how she knew that it was seven o'clock in the morning. 'They were ringing the church bells for the first time,' she answered. I understood. The 19th of August was the town fiesta of Baler, the feast day of the patron saint, and it was both a civic and religious holiday. Under the old Spanish regime, on such occasions, there was a high Mass at eight o’clock in the morning and before the Mass started they rang the church bells three times - the first at seven, the second at seven-thirty, and the third at eight, just at that moment when the priest started from the sacristy to the altar."
- Vocation : Politics : Heads of state