Pla Meseguer, Teresa

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Pla Meseguer, Teresa Gender: FM
Florencio Pla Meseguer
born on 1 February 1917 at 19:00 (= 7:00 PM )
Place Vallibona, Spain, 40n36, 0e03
Timezone GMT h0e (is standard time)
Data source
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Rodriguez
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 12°23' s_mo.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 14°10 Asc.s_vircol.18.gif 03°27'


Spanish military resistant and a noted intersex person, Pla became a member of the Maquis, who were guerrillas exiled in France after the Spanish Civil War who continued to fight against Francoist Spain until the early 1960s.

Due to Pla's intersex status, a family friend warned his father of the hardship that could come from military service. Therefore his father registered him in the civil registry as Teresa Pla Meseguer, of female sex. He only went to school for a fortnight, as his profession as a shepherd did not leave him any more free time, nor was the teasing about his appearance comfortable for him. Thus he spent his life in solitude in the mountains of Vallibona and Turmell de Chert, and he grew up with little social interaction.

Due to her non-normative sexuality, Teresa Pla faced many problems. She was humiliated in 1949, by a lieutenant of the Civil Guard near Castell de Cabres.

After the burning of Mas del Cabanil by the Civil Guard, Pla changed his female clothes for male ones and went from being Teresot to Florencio, acting as a Maquis for twenty months in the mountains of Maestrazgo, under the name of Durruti or La Pastora, as a member of the XXIII Section of the Association of Guerrillas of Levante and Aragon (AGLA), led by Jesús Caellas Aymeric, Carlos el Catalán, until his companions went to France and he stayed in Andorra keeping cattle in two farmhouses and smuggling tobacco and nylon.

Pla was captured in 1960 in Andorra and handed over to the Spanish authorities. Numerous atrocities were attributed to him, none of which he was involved in, at the time of the Franco dictatorship. After his death penalty was commuted, he spent 17 years in prison, and died on 1 January 2004 at age 86.

Link to Wikipedia biography (Spanish)


  • Crime : Arrest 1960

Source Notes

Faustino Rodriguez cites the following passage attributed to José Calvo Segarra in the biography Donde nadie te encuentre ("Where no one finds you") by Alicia Giménez Bartlett (Premio Nadal, 2011), page 107: "Teresa / Florencio Pla Meseguer, La Pastora, was born at nineteen hours [7 PM] on 1 February 1917 in Vallibona, Castellón, as stated in the Birth Book of her Justice of the Peace, where she is registered as a girl named Teresa".

Sy Scholfield quotes same data from the original Spanish biography, La pastora, del monte al mito: Teresa - Florencio Pla Meseguer, La Pastora que siguió al maquis de la agrupacion guerrillera de Levante y Aragon by José Calvo Segarra (Castellón, 2009): "Teresa/Florencio Pla Meseguer, La Pastora, nace a las diecinueve horas del día primero de febrero de 1917, en Vallibona, Castellón, como consta en el Libro de Nacimientos de su Juzgado de Paz, donde es inscrito como nina de nombre Teresa."


  • Passions : Sexuality : Sex Organs (Intersex)
  • Passions : Sexuality : Transgender F-to-M
  • Passions : Sexuality : Transvestite
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Prison sentence
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Social crime/ delinquent (Smuggler)
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 86)
  • Personal : Misc. : Changed name
  • Vocation : Military : Other Military (Maquis guerrilla)
  • Vocation : Misc. : Farmer/ Rancher (Sheep, cattle)