Pinard, Adolphe

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Pinard, Adolphe Gender: M
born on 4 February 1844 at 18:00 (= 6:00 PM )
Place Méry sur Seine, France, 48n30, 3e53
Timezone LMT m3e53 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 15°05' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 19°51 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 26°31'

Adolphe Pinard


French obstetrician who in 1895 invented a special stethoscope for listening to fetal activity. The device is sometimes reverently referred to as a "Pinard horn", or fetoscope (although fetoscope now refers to a fetal endoscope). Pinard horns are a safe and non-invasive tool used to listen to the fetal heart tones, and are still in use worldwide today, primarily by midwives.

Pinard practised medicine in Paris, where he was an assistant to Étienne Stéphane Tarnier (1828–1897) and a professor of obstetrics, as well as a member of parliament for the Paris region.

He was a pioneer of modern perinatal care and the "puericulture movement" — the teaching of infant care to expectant mothers in French obstetrics. He made a number of contributions in his work involving pre-natal and maternal health, and was an advocate of providing social care for pregnant women from deprived environments. He established abdominal obstetric palpation methods, and his name is associated with "Pinard's maneuvre", a technique used in breech extraction.

Pinard was a founder member of the French Eugenics Society in 1913 and served as its president. Eugenic ideas were incorporated into his idea of 'puériculture'. He also served as a parliamentary deputy for the Radical party between 1919 and 1928. As a deputy he argued for pro-natalist policies, but he was also sympathetic to and an influence on French feminism. In 1926 he introduced a law requiring future spouses to provide a pre-nuptial certificate of good health (attesting the absence of contagious diseases) before the marriage could be officially registered.

He died on 1 March 1934, aged 90.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • compare to chart of Laennec, René (born 17 February 1781). Notes: Inventor of the stethoscope


Source Notes

Sy Scholfield submitted birth certificate no. 1 from the online Aube departmental archives (image 2/212): "six heures du soir" (six o'clock in the evening). No info in margin.


  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 90)
  • Vocation : Medical : Physician (Obstetrician)
  • Vocation : Politics : Party Affiliation (Radical party)
  • Vocation : Politics : Party Affiliation (French Eugenics Society)
  • Vocation : Politics : Other Politics
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Inventor of the 'Pinard horn')