Otto, Rudolf

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Otto, Rudolf Gender: M
Rudolf Louis Karl Otto
born on 25 September 1869 at 11:00 (= 11:00 AM )
Place Peine, Germany, 52n19, 10e13
Timezone LMT m10e13 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Steinbrecher
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 02°22' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 22°28 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 25°04'

Rudolf Otto


German theologian and a pioneer in the phenomenology of religion. Otto was the author of several books including "The Perception of the Holy Spirit by Luther," 1898, "Mysticism East and West," 1932, and "The Kingdom of God and Son of Man," 1938.

Born in the town of Peine, Otto’s father owned a malt factory; however, in 1882, the family moved to Hildesheim where his father died. When he was 12 years old, he entered the Gymnasium Andreanum, and in May 1888, he enrolled at the University of Erlangen, ready to embark upon a study of theology. While he spent one semester at the University of Göttingen, a more liberal institution, he returned to Erlangen, and in 1892, he passed his first theological examination. Three years later, he passed his second exam and was awarded the degree of Licentiate of Theology, the equivalent of a Ph.D.

For the next eight years, Otto worked as an instructor and lecturer. In 1906, he was promoted to associate professor at Göttingen. He held the title of professor of systematic theology at Breslau in 1915 and Marburg in 1917. From 1913-18, he was a member of the Prussian Parliament, and in 1918, he was a member of the Constituent Chamber where he was a liberal and progressive influence. He founded and led the organization, "The Religious League of Humanity," which strived to bring justice between nations through moral and religious means. He took an extended journey to North Africa and Asia between 1911-12, and in 1927-27, he toured Asia and the Middle East.

As an adult, Otto was often sick. In March 1929, he took an early retirement, stating he was in poor health. In 1936, he fell from a tower at Stauffenberg near Marburg, in what may have been a suicide attempt. He contracted pneumonia during his recovery and died in Hamburg on 3/06/1937.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • (has as) student relationship with Van Den Berg, Jan H (born 11 June 1914). Notes: "Das Heilige" changed his world perpective.


  • Family : Change residence 1882 (Family moved to Hildesheim)
  • Social : Begin a program of study May 1888 (Began at the University of Erlangen)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : End a program of study 1892 (Passed first theological exam)
  • Social : End a program of study 1895 (Licentiate of Theology)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1898 (Book released)
  • Work : New Job 1906 (Began as associate professor)
  • Social : Begin Travel 1911 (No. Africa and Asia)
  • Work : New Career 1913 (Member of the Prussian Parliament, five years)
  • Work : New Job 1915 (Professor of systematic theology)
  • Work : New Job 1918 (Member of the Constituent Chamber)
  • Social : Begin Travel 1927 (Asia and Middle East)
  • Work : Retired March 1929 (Early retirement, poor health)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Health : Accident (Non-fatal) 1936 (Fell from tower)
  • Death by Disease 6 March 1937 (Pneumonia, age 67)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1938 (Book released)

Source Notes

Steinbrecher quotes B.C.

Sy Scholfield quotes same data and full birth name from "Numen: International Review for the History of Religions" (E.J. Brill, 1965), p. 130: "Rudolf Louis Karl Otto wurde am 25 September 1869 im 11 Uhr geboren in Peine (Hannover)."


  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive (Equivalent to Ph.D.)
  • Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Pneumonia (Terminal)
  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Accident/Injury (Fell from tower)
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Travel
  • Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist (Theologian)
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher (Professor)
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office (M.P., Constituent Chamber)
  • Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy (Religion and theology)