Oliver Labra, Carilda
|born on||6 July 1922 at 16:30 (= 4:30 PM )|
|Place||Matanzas, Cuba, 23n03, 81w35|
|Timezone||LST m82w24 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||14°01' 17°15 Asc. 13°40'|
Cuban poet and visual artist, known as one of her nation's most influential poets. Her work has focused on love, the role of women in society, and herself. Oliver Labra has received numerous national and international prizes including the National Poetry Prize (1950), National Literature Award (1997) and the José de Vasconcelos International Prize (2002). "Me desordeno, amor, me desordeno" might be her most famous poem. Other works such as "Discurso de Eva" ("Eve's Discourse") also show a profound literary technique.
Her debut collection in 1943, Lyric Prelude (Preludio lirico) immediately established her as an important poetic voice. At the South of My Throat made her famous: the coveted National Prize for poetry came to her in 1950 as a result of the popular and notorious book, At the South of My Throat (Al sur de mi garganta) 1949. In honour of the tri-centennial of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz in a contest sponsored by The Latin American Society in Washington D.C., in 1950, she also received the national Cuban First Prize for her poems. Her work was highly praised by Gabriela Mistral, the Chilean poet and first Latin American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945. In 1958, Labra published Feverish memory (Memoria de la fiebre) which added to her notoriety as a blatantly erotic woman. The book concerned a theme which has dominated her poetry, which of lost love, as it was written after the unfortunate and untimely death of her second husband.
Sy Scholfield cites birth record quoted in Carilda Oliver Labra: La Poesía Como Destino by Urbano Martínez Carmenate (Editorial Letras Cubanas, 2004), p. 38: "Sucedió a las cuatro y media de la tarde del 6 de julio de 1922. La madre hizo su alumbramiento normal, sin complicaciones, asistida por Adelaida Marrero, una partera confiable, de cierta fama en la ciudad. Esta vez vino al mundo una hembra que pesó seis libras y media. Era rubia, linda como la muchacha que habían visto tres años atrás. El padre cumplió su promesa: a los diecinueve días de nacida la inscribió en el Registro Civil de Matanzas con el nombre de Carilda."
(It happened at four-thirty in the afternoon of 6 July 1922. The mother made her normal delivery, without complications, assisted by Adelaida Marrero, a reliable midwife of some fame in the city. This time a female came to the world who weighed six and a half pounds. She was blonde, pretty as the girl they had seen three years ago. The father fulfilled his promise: on the nineteenth day of birth he registered her in the Civil Registry of Matanzas with the name of Carilda).
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist
- Vocation : Writers : Poet
- Notable : Awards : Vocational award
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession