Nation: Australia (Inauguration)
|born on||1 January 1901 at 13:35 (= 1:35 PM )|
|Place||Sydney, Australia, 33s52, 151e13|
|Timezone||AEST h10e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||10°04' 20°25 Asc. 29°26'|
The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (UK) was proclaimed on 1 January 1901 in Centennial Park, Sydney when Sir Edmund Barton was sworn in as the first Prime Minister, leading an interim Federal ministry of nine members. The act had been passed on 5 July 1900 and was given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria on 9 July 1900.
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. Following federation, the six colonies that united to form the Commonwealth of Australia as states kept the systems of government (and the bicameral legislatures) that they had developed as separate colonies, but they also agreed to have a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole nation. When the Constitution of Australia came into force, on 1 January 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.
The new constitution established a bicameral Parliament, containing a Senate and a House of Representatives. The office of Governor-General was established as the Queen's representative; initially, this person was considered a representative of the British government. The Constitution also established a High Court, and divided the powers of government between the states and the new Commonwealth government.
The site of a federal capital was disputed heavily between the two arch-rivals Sydney and Melbourne; the compromise was that a separate territory (the Australian Capital Territory) would be established within New South Wales to hold a new capital, while Parliament would sit in Melbourne until the new city was constructed. The site eventually chosen for the city became Canberra.
- associate relationship with Abbott, Tony (born 4 November 1957). Notes: 28th Prime Minister, 2013-2015
- associate relationship with Albanese, Anthony (born 2 March 1963). Notes: 31st Prime Minister, 2022-
- associate relationship with Charles III, King of the United Kingdom (born 14 November 1948). Notes: King of Australia, 2022-
- associate relationship with Deakin, Alfred (born 3 August 1856). Notes: 2nd Prime Minister, 1903-1904, 1905-1908
- associate relationship with Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom (born 21 April 1926). Notes: Queen of Australia, 1952-2022
- associate relationship with Fisher, Andrew (born 29 August 1862). Notes: 5th Prime Minister, 1908-1909, 1910-1913, 1914-1915
- associate relationship with Fraser, Malcolm (born 21 May 1930). Notes: 22nd Prime Minister, 1975-1983
- associate relationship with Gillard, Julia (born 29 September 1961). Notes: 27th Prime Minister, 2010-2013
- associate relationship with Gorton, John (born 9 September 1911). Notes: 19th Prime Minister, 1968-1971
- associate relationship with Hawke, Bob (born 9 December 1929). Notes: 23rd Prime Minister, 1983-1991
- associate relationship with Holt, Harold (born 5 August 1908). Notes: 17th Prime Minister, 1966-1967
- associate relationship with Howard, John (1939) (born 26 July 1939). Notes: 25th Prime Minister, 1996-2007
- associate relationship with Keating, Paul (born 18 January 1944). Notes: 24th Prime Minister, 1991-1996
- associate relationship with Morrison, Scott (born 13 May 1968)
- associate relationship with Stoney, Gwen (born 31 January 1919)
- associate relationship with Turnbull, Malcolm (born 24 October 1954). Notes: 29th Prime Minister of Australia, 2015-2018
- associate relationship with Whitlam, Gough (born 11 July 1916). Notes: 21st Prime Minister, 1972-1975
- compare to chart of Nation: Australia (British Colonisation) (born 26 January 1788)
- compare to chart of Nation: Australia (Commonwealth) (born 1 January 1901)
Sy Scholfield quotes from "Australia's Heritage" by Gwen Stoney, Astrological Monthly Review, September 1986. Stoney calculated the time from watching film of the event. Scholfield finds no exact time reported in the newspapers of the day.
- Mundane : Misc. Mundane : Other Misc. Mundane (Inauguration of Australian Federation)