Morphy, Paul

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Morphy, Paul Gender: M
Paul Charles Morphy
born on 22 June 1837
Place New Orleans, Louisiana, 29n57, 90w05
Timezone LMT m90w05 (is local mean time)
Data source
Date w/o time
Rodden Rating X
Collector: Starkman
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 01°01' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif or s_piscol.18.gif

Paul Morphy


American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion. He was a chess prodigy. He was called "The Pride and Sorrow of Chess" because he had a brief and brilliant chess career, but then retired from the game while still young.

He learned to play chess by simply watching games between his father and uncle. His family soon realized the boy's talent and encouraged him to play at family gatherings and by age nine he was considered one of the best players in New Orleans. At just twelve years old, Morphy defeated visiting Hungarian master Johann Löwenthal in a match of three games.

After receiving his degree in 1857, Morphy was not yet of legal age to practice law and found himself with free time. He received an invitation to play at the First American Chess Congress in New York City and, at his uncle's urging, accepted. Morphy won the tournament which included strong players of the day, such as Alexander Meek and Louis Paulsen. Morphy was hailed as the chess champion of the United States and stayed in New York playing chess through 1857, winning the vast majority of his games. In 1858, Morphy travelled to Europe to play European Champion Howard Staunton. While negotiations for a match proved problematic, Morphy played every strong player in Europe, usually winning easily. While the match with Staunton never came about, Morphy was hailed by most in Europe as the world's best player.

Returning to America in triumph, the accolades continued as he toured the major cities playing chess on his way back to New Orleans. By 1859, on returning to New Orleans, Morphy declared he was retiring from chess to begin his law career. However, Morphy was never able to establish a successful law practice and ultimately lived a life of idleness, living off his family's fortune. Despite appeals from his chess admirers, Morphy never returned to the game. In 1867 his mental state was alarming, and he died on 10 July 1884 from a stroke at the age of forty-seven.

Link to Wikipedia biography


Source Notes

Birth time unknown. Starkman rectified it to 11.38.14 LMT


  • Traits : Mind : Child prodigy
  • Diagnoses : Psychological : Mental Illness
  • Vocation : Sports : Games - Bridge/ Chess/ Other (chess)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession