Mehmed V, Sultan
|Birthname||Mehmed bin Abdul Mecid|
|born on||2 November 1844 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )|
|Place||Istanbul, Turkey, 41n01, 28e58|
|Timezone||LMT m28e58 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||09°42' 23°37 Asc. 15°16'|
Ottoman ruler, the 35th and penultimate Sultan, who was succeeded by his half-brother Mehmed VI. He was the son of Sultan Abdülmecid I. His nine-year reign was marked by the cession of the Empire's North African territories and the Dodecanese Islands, including Rhodes, in the Italo-Turkish War, the traumatic loss of almost all of the Empire's European territories west of Constantinople in the First Balkan War, and the entry of the Empire into World War I, which would ultimately lead to the end of the Ottoman Empire.
Mehmed V's most significant political act was to formally declare jihad against the Entente Powers (Allies of World War I) on 14 November 1914, following the Ottoman government's decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers.
This was the last genuine proclamation of jihad in history by a Caliph, as the Caliphate lasted until 1924. The proclamation had no noticeable effect on the war, despite the fact that many Muslims lived in Ottoman territories. The Arabs eventually joined the British forces against the Ottomans with the Arab Revolt in 1916.
Mehmed V hosted Kaiser Wilhelm II, his World War I ally, in Constantinople on 15 October 1917. He was made Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia on 27 January 1916, and of the German Empire on 1 February 1916.
Mehmed V died at Yıldız Palace on 3 July 1918 at the age of 73, only four months before the end of World War I. Thus, he did not live to see the downfall of the Ottoman Empire.
- sibling relationship with Abdul Hamid II, Sultan (born 21 September 1842)
Sy Scholfield quotes two news reports:
From "La Presse," 29 Dec. 1844, p. 3: "Un nouveau fils est né au sultan Abdul Medjid. Voici en quels termes le Moniteur ottoman nous annonce cet événement : 'Dans la nuit du samedi, 21 du mois de chevval ( 2 novembre ) l'une des sultanes est accouchée d'un prince auquel on a donné le nom de Mohammed-Réchat. Aussitôt le chef des eunuques du palais impérial ( quezlar aghassi ) se rendit à la Sublime-Porte, chargé de remettre, de la part de sa hautesse, un hatti-cliërif destiné à notifier cet heureux événement...'"
(A new son was born to Sultan Abdul Medjid. Here is what the Moniteur Ottoman announced to us about this event: "On the night of Saturday, 21st of the month of Shawwāl (2 November) one of the sultanas was delivered of a prince to whom was given the name of Mohammed-Rechat. Immediately the chief of the eunuchs of the imperial palace (quezlar aghassi) went to the Sublime Porte, entrusted with the task of delivering a hatt-i sharif from his highness to notify this happy event).
From "Nieuwe Rotterdamsche courant," 27 November 1844, p. 1: "KONSTANTINOPEL, 5 November. Op den morgen van den 2. verkondigde het gedonder van het geschut op de bat terijen eu schepen , de geboorte van Prins Mehemed Reschad den Orthodoxen (synoniem met Reschid), welke in het zomer paleis van den Sultan plaats had."
(CONSTANTINOPLE, 5 November. On the morning of the 2nd, the thunder of the batteries proclaimed the birth of Prince Mehemed Reschad the Orthodox (Synonymous with Reschid), which took place in the Summer Palace of the Sultan).
A time of 2 AM is speculative, based on these reports.
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Six)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Five)
- Vocation : Politics : Heads of state (35th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Ottoman dynasty)