Medici, Queen Marie de

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Medici, Queen Marie de Gender: F
Marie de Médici
born on 26 April 1575 Jul.Cal. (6 May 1575 greg.) at 11:30 (= 11:30 AM )
Place Florence, Italy, 43n46, 11e15
Timezone LMT h0e45 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 15°03' s_mo.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 00°45 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 18°44'

Queen Marie de Medici


French Queen consort as the second wife of King Henry (Henri) IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until 1617, when he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage.

She was the daughter of Francesco I de Medici, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Joanna, an Austrian Archduchess; one of eight (five surviving) children. She became the second wife of King Henry IV on 5 October 1600 and had their son, Louis XIII, on 27 September 1601 in Fontainebleau, France. Marie was crowned Queen on 13 May 1610, the night before her husband's assassination.

Throughout her husband's reign, she showed little interest in politics, but when she became regent for their son Louis XIII, she developed an inherent taste for power. At the time of the nobles' rebellion, she bought them off with court favours and monies. As her son Louis XIII came into power, he had his opponents assassinated or beheaded and had her exiled to Blois. She escaped from her exile in 1619 and let a revolt which Louis easily won.

Nonetheless, the revolt brought about a reconciliation between mother and son and he gave her a small court in Angers. In 1630, she once again became a troublemaker and was exiled, only to escape one year later. After she escaped from exile for the second time, she fled to Brussels where she intrigued in vain against Richelieu.

Marie travelled in exile to Cologne, where she died on 3 July 1642 at age 67, scheming against Richelieu to the end.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • sibling relationship with Medici, Filippo de (born 20 May 1577 Jul.Cal. (30 May 1577 greg.))


  • Relationship : Marriage 5 October 1600 (greg.) (King Henry IV)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 27 September 1601 (greg.) (Son Louis XIII born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 13 May 1610 (greg.) (Crowned queen)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Change of Lifestyle 1619 (Escape from exile)
  • Social : Change of Lifestyle 1630 (Exiled)
  • Social : Change of Lifestyle 1631 (Second escape from exile)

Source Notes

In July 2020 Sy Scholfield cites birth record quoted in "The Birth of Maria de' Medici (26 April 1575): Hearsay, Correspondence, and Historiographical Errors" by Alessio Assonitis, in The Dissemination of News and the Emergence of Contemporaneity in Early Modern Europe edited by Brendan Dooley (Routledge, 2016): "the document that should have ended once and for all this centuries-long confusion has been widely ignored by current biographers of Maria de' Medici and scholars of French and/or Italian history. Ronald Millen and Robert Wolf, in their 1989 book on Peter Paul Rubens' Maria de' Medici Cycle (Louvre, 1621-24) published Maria's baptism records from the Duomo archives in Florence which clearly stated that Maria was baptized the day After her birth.... Ronald Millen and Robert Wolf, Heroic Deeds and Mystic Figures. A new reading of Rubens' Life of Maria de' Medici (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989), pp. 30-31: "By her own statement and her father's, and on the evidence of her archive birth records as well as her horoscope known to us in manuscript, Maria was born at midday, not in darkest night. It should be noted here that our Florentine manuscript sources arguably give as 1575 and not the 1573 one still finds, and since the month was April, the discrepancy cannot even be connected with calendar reckoning more florentino; should anyone need more convincing, in April and May of 1573 Maria's mother made a pilgrimage to Loreto 'to fulfill a vow' and certainly to pray for a male child, a journey she could not have undertaken in exactly the days when, erroneously, Maria is said to have been born.... Archives of the Duomo of Florence register: 'Battezzati: Femmine dal 1571 al 1577"; fol. 71v Aprile 1575, martedi 27. Maria del Granduca di Toscana di Cosimo de Medici et della Gio. a d'Austria, N[ata], h[ore] 16 [= 12 noon], P[opolo] s. Romolo Cam[ari] il Mons. r Nunzio Carlo Cicada et la Ill.a Sig.ra Leonora de Tolledo de Medici.' The Godmother, Leonora de Toledo, was the wife of Francesco's brother Pietro and would die in the next year in mysterious circumstances much romanced in nineteenth-century literature. Note that Thuillier-Foucart has Maria as the last of Francesco's children by Johanna. Not so, a son, Filippo, was born in 1577 but lived only a few years."

While Dooley calculates 16 hours after sunset as 12 Noon, Scholfield calculates sunset as about 7 PM LMT plus 16 hours equals 11 AM LMT. The 16th hour would thus be from about 11 AM to 12 Noon. The time of 11:30 AM, as given by Martin Harvey as cited below, is therefore used.

Previous source notes are as follows:

Frances McEvoy quotes Susan Saward "The Golden Age of Maria de'Medici, Studies in Baroque Art," 1982, "Born the night of April 16, 1573 OS, three hours after sunset in Florence." Frances McEvoy adds ten days to convert the date to NS of April 26, but she did not consider that it was Florentine time in which the date of April 16 began at sunset. By modern calculations, it was still April 15.

LMR computes sunset as 6:50 PM LMT and three hours after sunset as 9:50 PM. Blackwell gives the 15th OS and calculates the time as 9:05 PM U.T.

(Prior data included Modern Astrology 1/1939 with a quote from Demain of April 25, 1574, 12:43 PM. Gadbury in NN No.597 gave April 26, 1575 as OS, 2:30 PM. Modern Astrology 4/1932 quoted Ashmole Ms No.243 for April 26, 1575, 11:29 PM.)

(Martin Harvey, Nativitas I, gives April 26/May 5, 1575, 11:30 AM LAT, (11:27:28 LMT) Florence, Italy, from the Bodleian MS. Ashmole 332 (ASC 18 Leo). He notes that the MS Sloane 1707 gives an ASC of 16 Leo, and his hand-written footnote reads that "Gadbury made the MC Gemini 24 and the ASC 25 Virgo: doubtless in accordance with his curious ideas of rectification." Harvey made no notation of conflict in birth year.)


  • Traits : Personality : Difficult/ mean spirited (Troublemaker)
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Second husband, King Henry IV)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted (Son became king)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Many moves (Exiled and escaped multiple times)
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Civil/ Political (Rebellion)
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Prison sentence (Exiled)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (France)
  • Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women