Medici, Gian Gastone de
|Birthname||Giovanni Battista Gastone de' Medici|
|born on||25 May 1671 (greg.) at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Florence, Italy, 43n46, 11e15|
|Timezone||LMT m11e15 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||03°44' 17°43 Asc. 01°39'|
Italian nobility, the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany who reigned from 31 October 1723 until his death on 9 July 1737. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo III and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. He married the wealthy and widowed Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1697. The couple despised each other and had no children. For the latter part of his reign, Gian Gastone chose to remain confined in his bed, tended by his entourage, the Ruspanti, a team of poor, handsome young men assembled for orgies by Medici's favourite lover, the court attendant Giuliano Dami. The Grand Duke's reign was marked by the reversal of his predecessor's conservative policy; he abolished taxes for poorer people, repealed penal laws which restricted Jews and discontinued public executions. Upon Medici's death he was succeeded by François I, duc de Lorraine, ending almost 300 years of Medici rule over Florence.
- lover relationship with Dami, Giuliano (born 14 September 1683 (greg.))
- child->parent relationship with Medici, Cosimo III de (born 14 August 1642 (greg.))
- sibling relationship with Medici, Ferdinando de (born 9 August 1663 (greg.))
- has other family relationship with Violante Beatrice, Grand Princess of Tuscany (born 23 January 1673 Jul.Cal. (2 Feb 1673 greg.)). Notes: Siblings-in-law and friends
Sy Scholfield cites a letter dated 25/5/1671 written by his great uncle Leopoldo de' Medici (1617-1675) as transcribed in "Gian Gastone: un trono di solitudine nella caligine di un crepuscolo" by Alberto Bruschi (SP/44 Editore, 1995), p. 22: "«Iersera poi piacque alla Divina Bontà nelle tre ore sonate di concedere con un piccolo travaglio di un quarto d'ora di doglie alla Serenissima Madre un nuovo principino a questa casa» il neonato «oggi si è battezzato privatamente in una delle cappelle di Palazzo [Pitti], e il compare fu il principe Francesco Maria»."
Abridged translation: "Last night at three o'clock after a short labor of a quarter of an hour a new prince was delivered in this house;" the baby "was baptized privately today in one of the chapels of the Palace [Pitti], appearing with Prince Francesco Maria."
"Last night" would have been the night of 24/25 May and 3 a.m. would therefore have been on the 25th - later that same day he wrote the letter. The same book also quotes a letter by Gastone to his father, dated 24 May 1707: "«La mia nascita ch'è domani»" (Translation: My birthday which is tomorrow).
- Passions : Sexuality : Bi-Sexual
- Passions : Sexuality : Extremes in quantity
- Passions : Sexuality : Gay
- Passions : Sexuality : Sodomy
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Medici)