Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria
|Birthname||M. J. Karl Johann Leopold Ferdinand Nepomuk Alexan|
|born on||28 March 1727 at 14:00 (= 2:00 PM )|
|Place||Munich, Germany, 48n08, 11e34|
|Timezone||LMT m11e34 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||07°19' 14°04 Asc. 20°07'|
Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria from 1745 to 1777.
Maximilian was the eldest son of Holy Roman Emperor Karl VII and his wife, Maria Amalia of Austria, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I.
Upon his father's death in January 1745, he inherited a country in the process of being invaded by Austrian armies. Maximilian Joseph tried, as far as possible, to keep Bavaria out of the wars. Apart from militia troops, he sent only a small force of 4,000 men to join the Austrian army. In 1758/1759 (only a year and half into the war), he withdrew Bavarian auxiliary troops from Austrian service. Together with the Wittelsbach Elector Charles Theodore of the Palatinate he enforced the neutrality of the Empire during the conflict.
Maximilian Joseph was a progressive and enlightened ruler who did much to improve the development of his country. He encouraged agriculture, industry, and exploitation of the mineral wealth of the country, and abolished the Jesuit censorship of the press.
On 30 December 1777, aged 50, he died from a particularly virulent strain of smallpox, called "purple small pox" at the time.
- child->parent relationship with Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress (born 22 October 1701)
- spouse relationship with Maria Anna, Electress of Bavaria (born 29 August 1728). Notes: 1747-1777
- sibling relationship with Maria Anna, Duchess of Bavaria (born 7 August 1734)
- sibling relationship with Maria Antonia, Electress of Saxony (born 18 July 1724)
- sibling relationship with Maria Josepha, Holy Roman Empress (born 30 March 1739)
- sibling relationship with Theresia Benedicte, Princess of Bavaria (born 6 December 1725)
- Relationship : Marriage 1747 (Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony)
Sy Scholfield quotes from "Katholischer Anekdoten-Schatz: zur Unterhaltung und Belehrung für alle Stände. Friedliche Stunden, Volume 6" by Anton Hungari (Sauerländer, 1858), p. 84: "die Kurfürstin Maria Amalia ... wurde sie am 28. März 1727, Nachmittag drei Viertel auf zwei Uhr, von einem Prinzen entbunden." (The Electress Maria Amalia ... was delivered of a prince on 28 March 1727, at three quarters before two o'clock in the afternoon [1:45pm]).
Scholfield also found a news report in "Wiener Zeitung," 2 April 1727, p. 5: "München 29. Martii. Gestern haben Ihre Chur-Fürstin etlich Minuten nach 2. Uhr nachMittag glütlich einer jungen Printzen geboren." (Munich, 29 March. Yesterday, the princess, a few minutes after 2 o'clock in the afternoon, happily gave birth to a young Prince).
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Other Major diseases (Smallpox)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (30 Yrs)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Personal : Death : Illness/ Disease
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Wittelsbach)