|born on||1 July 1859 at 16:30 (= 4:30 PM )|
|Place||Pontoise, France, 49n03, 2e06|
|Timezone||LMT m2e06 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||09°14' 24°20 Asc. 25°27'|
French caver and explorer, known as the 'father of modern speleology', who was a world pioneer of cave exploration, study, and documentation. Martel explored thousands of caves in his native France and many other countries, popularised the pursuit of cave exploration, introduced the concept of speleology as a distinct area of study, maintained an extensive archive, and in 1895 founded Société de Spéléologie, the first organisation devoted to cave science in the world.
He died at 7AM on 3 June 1938 in Saint-Thomas-la-Garde, near Montbrison.
- Death, Cause unspecified 3 June 1938 at 07:00 AM in Saint-Thomas-la-Garde (Age 78)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Death certificate in Didier Geslain archive, 'm' pdf file, p. 73; quoted BC.
- Vocation : Science : Geology (Caver)
- Vocation : Travel : Explorer