María Teresa of Spain, Queen of France

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María Teresa of Spain, Queen of France Gender: F
born on 10 September 1638 (greg.) at 18:00 (= 6:00 PM )
Place Madrid, Spain, 40n24, 3w41
Timezone LMT m3w41 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 17°56' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 24°57 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 12°30'

Queen of France María Teresa of Spain (Portrait by Velázquez, 1653)


Spanish and Portuguese Infanta by birth and Archduchess of Austria as a member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France.

She was the daughter of King Felipe IV of Spain and Portugal, and his wife Elisabeth of France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. She was known in Spain as Maria Teresa de Austria and in France as Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche.

Her marriage in 1660 with King Louis XIV, her cousin, was made with the purpose of ending the long-standing war between France and Spain. Famed for her virtue and piety, she saw five of her six children die in early childhood, and is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many love affairs.

Without any political influence in the French court or government (except briefly in 1672, when she was named Regent during her husband's absence during the Franco-Dutch War), she died at about 3pm on 30 July 1683 at the early age of 44 from complications from an abscess on her arm.

Her grandson Felipe V inherited the Spanish throne in 1700 after the death of her younger half-brother, Carlos II, and the War of the Spanish Succession, founding the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon, which has reigned with some interruption until present time.

Link to Wikipedia biography



  • Relationship : Marriage 9 June 1660 (greg.) (King Louis XIV of France)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Disease 30 July 1683 (greg.) at 3:00 PM in Versailles (Infected abscess, age 44)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield cites father's letter quoted in Índice de la colección de don Luis de Salazar y Castro. Tomo VIII [Index of the collection of Don Luis de Salazar y Castro. Volume VIII] (Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 1953), p. 17: "Carta de Felipe IV a Antonio Sarmiento, en la que comunica que el día 20 de septiembre de 1638, a las seis horas, después del mediodía, había dado a luz la reina [doña Isabel de Borbón y de Médicis] una hija, y que se lo comunicara al duque [Carlos] de Lorena. Madrid, 1638. Septiembre, 27."

(Letter from Felipe IV to Antonio Sarmiento, in which he communicates that on 20 September 1638, at six o'clock after noon, the queen [Dona Isabel de Borbón y de Médicis] had given birth to a daughter, and that He would communicate it to the duke [Carlos] de Lorena. Dated: Madrid, 27 September 1638).

Death data from La reine de France by Françoise Barry (Éditions du Scorpion, 1964), p. 146: "La reine Marie-Thérèse mourut à Versailles le 30 juillet 1683, vers trois heures de l'après-midi." (Queen Maria Theresa died at Versailles on 30 July 1683, about three o'clock in the afternoon).


  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (23 years)
  • Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (By husband)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Six)
  • Personal : Death : Illness/ Disease
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Habsburg, by birth)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Bourbon, by marriage)