Linden, Jean

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Linden, Jean Gender: M
Jean Jules Linden
born on 3 February 1817 at 09:00 (= 09:00 AM )
Place Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 49n36, 6e09
Timezone LMT m6e09 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 14°14' s_mo.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 00°58 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 25°55'

Jean Linden


Belgian botanist, explorer, horticulturist, and businessman, specialising in orchids, on which he wrote a number of exceptional books. He went on several expeditions and made a detailed study of orchid growth conditions in their natural habitat. His findings revolutionised the cultivation of orchids under European conditions. Before his research, orchids were being kept at temperatures far greater than their needs, resulting in a high mortality rate.

In Brussels, Linden became for a brief while the director of the Brussels zoological and botanical garden but gradually concentrated on orchid culture, making use of three types of conservatory with temperatures ranging from cool to warm. Under these conditions his orchids thrived. With this success, he created an orchid empire that, at its peak, had branches in Brussels, Ghent, and Paris, winning awards at exhibitions in London, Paris, and St. Petersburg.

Linden married Anna Reuter in Luxembourg on 13 October 1845. His son Lucien eventually took over all his business interests and published books on orchids before and after Jean's death.

Jean Jules Linden died on 12 January 1898, aged 80, in Brussels.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • Relationship : Marriage 13 October 1845 (Anna Reuter)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Birth certificate (acte n° 43, Jean Linden) provided by Sy Scholfield. Wikipedia has 12 Feb in error.


  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 80)
  • Vocation : Business : Business owner
  • Vocation : Science : Biology (Botanist)
  • Vocation : Travel : Explorer
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
  • Vocation : Misc. : Outdoor vocations (Horticulturist)