Law: Roe v. Wade
|born on||22 January 1973 at 10:00 (= 10:00 AM )|
|Place||Washington, District of Columbia, 38n54, 77w02|
|Timezone||EST h5w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||02°28' 20°36 Asc. 29°38'|
American landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction. It struck down many U.S. federal and state abortion laws, and prompted an ongoing national debate in the United States about whether and to what extent abortion should be legal, who should decide the legality of abortion, what methods the Supreme Court should use in constitutional adjudication, and what the role of religious and moral views in the political sphere should be. Roe v. Wade reshaped American politics, dividing much of the United States into abortion rights and anti-abortion movements, while activating grassroots movements on both sides.
The decision involved the case of Norma McCorvey—known in her lawsuit under the pseudonym "Jane Roe"—who in 1969 became pregnant with her third child (Shelley Thornton). McCorvey wanted an abortion, but she lived in Texas, where abortion was illegal except when necessary to save the mother's life. She was referred to lawyers Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee, who filed a lawsuit on her behalf in U.S. federal court against her local district attorney, Henry Wade, alleging that Texas's abortion laws were unconstitutional. A three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas heard the case and ruled in her favor. Texas then appealed this ruling directly to the U.S. Supreme Court.
In January 1973, the Supreme Court issued a 7–2 decision ruling that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a "right to privacy" that protects a pregnant woman's right to choose whether or not to have an abortion. But it also ruled that this right is not absolute, and must be balanced against the government's interests in protecting women's health and protecting prenatal life. The Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the three trimesters of pregnancy: during the first trimester, governments could not prohibit abortions at all; during the second trimester, governments could require reasonable health regulations; during the third trimester, abortions could be prohibited entirely so long as the laws contained exceptions for cases when they were necessary to save the life or health of the mother. The Court classified the right to choose to have an abortion as "fundamental", which required courts to evaluate challenged abortion laws under the "strict scrutiny" standard, the highest level of judicial review in the United States.
- associate relationship with Brennan, William J. (born 25 April 1906). Notes: Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court, majority voter
- associate relationship with Goldberg, Arthur J. (born 8 August 1908)
- associate relationship with McCorvey, Norma (born 22 September 1947). Notes: Plaintiff, aka "Jane Roe"
- associate relationship with Rehnquist, William (born 1 October 1924). Notes: Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court, dissenter
- associate relationship with Stevens, John Paul (born 20 April 1920)
- associate relationship with Thornton, Shelley (born 2 June 1970). Notes: "The Roe Baby"
- associate relationship with White, Byron (born 9 June 1917). Notes: Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court, dissenter
Luiza Azancot writes, 12/26/02, "For your records, I spoke with the Supreme Court librarian who informed me that all Supreme court decisions are made public on a Monday right after the judges reconvene at 10.a.m.. There is no hour stamp that relates to the decision reaching the public. I will work with Jan 22,1973 (a Monday) 10 AM"
- Mundane : Political : Legal matters