Lévy, Paul

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Lévy, Paul Gender: M
Paul Pierre Lévy
born on 15 September 1886 at 10:00 (= 10:00 AM )
Place Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20
Timezone LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 22°27' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 13°59 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 09°19'

Paul Lévy
photo: Konrad Jacobs, Erlangen, license cc-by-sa-2.0


French Jewish mathematician who was active especially in probability theory, introducing martingale and Lévy flight. Lévy processes, Lévy measures, Lévy's constant, the Lévy distribution, the Lévy skew alpha-stable distribution, the Lévy area, the Lévy arcsine law, and the fractal Lévy C curve are also named after him.

Lévy attended the École Polytechnique and published his first paper in 1905, at the age of nineteen, while still an undergraduate. His teacher and advisor was Jacques Hadamard. After graduation, he spent a year in military service and then studied for three years at the École des Mines, where he became a professor in 1913.

During World War I, Lévy conducted mathematical analysis work for the French Artillery. In 1920 he was appointed Professor of Analysis at the École Polytechnique, where his students included Benoît Mandelbrot and Georges Matheron. He remained at the École Polytechnique until his retirement in 1959, with a gap during World War II after his 1940 firing because of the Vichy Statute on Jews.

Lévy received a number of honours, including membership at the French Academy of Sciences and honorary membership at the London Mathematical Society.

His daughter Marie-Hélène Schwartz and son-in-law Laurent Schwartz were also notable mathematicians.

He died on 15 December 1971, aged 85, in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • has other family relationship with Schwartz, Laurent (born 5 March 1915). Notes: Father-in-law/ son-in-law


Source Notes

Sy Scholfield provided birth certificate (5th arr., acte n° 2276) from the online Paris archives. Marriage and death data in margin.


  • Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 85)
  • Vocation : Education : Researcher
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher
  • Vocation : Military : Military service
  • Vocation : Science : Mathematics/ Statistics
  • Notable : Awards : Vocational award
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator ("Martingale," "Lévy flight," etc)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession