Kramers, Hans

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Kramers, Hans Gender: M
Hendrik Anthony Kramers
born on 17 December 1894 at 16:00 (= 4:00 PM )
Place Rotterdam, Netherlands, 51n55, 4e29
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 25°45' s_mo.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 02°10 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 29°31'

Hans Kramers (George Uhlenbeck, Hendrik Kramers and Samuel Goudsmit, ca 1928)


Dutch physicist.

He was the son of Hendrik Kramers, a physician, and Jeanne Susanne Breukelman. He was a talented child, musically and literary gifted as well as having a talent for the exact sciences. The historian Jan Romein and the painter Toon Kelder were early friends.

After finishing secondary education (HBS) in Rotterdam, he studied mathematics and physics at the University of Leiden (sept 1912), where he obtained his master's degree on 7 June 1916. Kramers wanted foreign experience during his doctoral research, but his first choice, Max Born in Göttingen, was not an option because of the first world war. He decided to travel by ship to Copenhagen, to ask Niels Bohr to supervise him. Although Kramers did most of his doctoral research on intensities of atomic transitions in the Institut for teoretisk Fysik of Copenhagen, he obtained his Ph.D. under Paul Ehrenfest in Leiden, on 8 May 1919.

On 25 October 1920 he was married to Anna Petersen (Helsingor - 16 Jan 1955 7 AM, Leiden). They had three daughters and one son.

After working for almost ten years in Bohr's group and becoming an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen, Kramers left Denmark in 1926 and returned to the Netherlands. In 1926 he became a full professor in theoretical physics at Utrecht University( where he supervised Tjalling Koopmans and many others. In 1934 he left Utrecht and succeeded Paul Ehrenfest in Leiden (28 September 1934 installed). From 1931 until his death he held also a cross appointment at Delft University of Technology.

Kramers was one of the founders of the Mathematisch Centrum in Amsterdam. In 1925, he and Werner Heisenberg developed the Kramers–Heisenberg dispersion formula. He is also credited with introducing in 1948 the concept of renormalization into quantum field theory. His Hand- und Jahrbuch der chemischen Physik (1938) was a classic on quantum mechanics.

He died 24 April 1952 16:45 in Oegstgeest.

Link to Wikipedia


  • business associate/partner relationship with Goudsmit, Samuel (born 11 July 1902)
  • business associate/partner relationship with Tinbergen, Jan (born 12 April 1903). Notes: Both PhD fathers of famous physicists and economists
  • (has as) teacher relationship with Bohr, Niels (born 7 October 1885)
  • (has as) student relationship with Koopmans, Tjalling Charles (born 28 August 1910). Notes: helped with publications on quantum mechanics


  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 28 September 1934 in Leiden (Natuurkunde en natuurkundigen)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Svi retrieved BC from the online Municipal Archive of Rotterdam: 17 December 1894 at 16:00 (des namiddags te vier uuur) at the Coolsingel. Notice that most internet sources gave a wrong date.

The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Hendrik Kramers

Kramers, Hendrik Anthony (1894-1952)


  • Vocation : Science : Physics