|Birthname||Ferdinand Carl Friedrich August Kramer|
|born on||22 January 1898 at 04:00 (= 04:00 AM )|
|Place||Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 50n07, 8e40|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||02°10' 29°40 Asc. 00°56'|
German-American architect and functionalist designer, whose 1925 door handle design and designs for several pieces of furniture have been re-released in the 21st century.
In 1919, he trained at the Bauhaus for a few months before quitting, disillusioned with the technical level of the training, then began a three-year architectural study in Munich with Theodor Fischer. Kramer returned to Frankfurt in 1922. With the lack of architectural commissions during this period of inflation, he concentrated on furniture designs for Thonet and metal utensils, for example his "Kramer Oven", a sheet-metal furnace.
From 1925 through 1930, Kramer worked for architect and civic planner Ernst May building and furnishing the housing projects of New Frankfurt, and was a contributor to the second CIAM conference. After disputes with the Nazi regime and professional disqualification, Kramer emigrated to the United States in 1938 and worked on a variety of projects, including work with Norman bel Geddes on designs for the New York World's Fair of 1939, designs for inexpensive "knock-down" furniture which anticipate today's commercial "flat-pack" furniture, and commissions from his friend Theodor Adorno for the Institute for Social Research during its New York years. Kramer became a naturalized US citizen in 1945.
On his return to Germany in 1952, Kramer taught and served as the director of building at the Goethe University Frankfurt until his retirement into private practice in 1964. He died on 4 November 1985 in Frankfurt, aged 87.
- (has as) boss relationship with May, Ernst (born 27 July 1886)
Sy Scholfield provided birth record from Hesse Archives.
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 87)
- Vocation : Building Trades : Architect/ Planner
- Vocation : Building Trades : Interior design (Functionalist, furniture)
- Vocation : Education : Teacher