Konstantinos I, King of Greece
|born on||2 August 1868 at 18:20 (= 6:20 PM )|
|Place||Athens, Greece, 37n58, 23e43|
|Timezone||LMT m23e43 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||10°35' 01°56 Asc. 27°20'|
King of the Hellenes who reigned from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
Konstantinos (English: Constantine) was the eldest son of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece. As Crown Prince, he married Princess Sophia of Prussia, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria and sister of Kaiser Wilhelm II, on 27 October 1889 in Athens. They had six children. All three of their sons ascended the Greek throne. Their eldest daughter Helen married Crown Prince Carol of Romania; their second daughter married the 4th Duke of Aosta; whilst their youngest child Princess Katherine married a British commoner.
He was commander-in-chief of the Hellenic Army during the unsuccessful Greco-Turkish War of 1897 and led the Greek forces during the successful Balkan Wars of 1912–1913, in which Greece expanded to include Thessaloniki, doubling in area and population. He succeeded to the throne of Greece on 18 March 1913, following his father's assassination.
His disagreement with Eleftherios Venizelos over whether Greece should enter World War I led to the National Schism. Constantine forced Venizelos to resign twice, but in 1917 he left Greece, after threats of the Entente forces to bombard Athens; his second son, Alexander, became king. After Alexander's death, Venizelos' defeat in the 1920 legislative elections, and a plebiscite in favor of his return, Constantine was reinstated. He abdicated the throne for the second and last time in 1922, when Greece lost the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Geórgios (George) II. Constantine died in exile four months later, at 1:30 AM on 11 January 1923, at Palermo, Sicily of heart failure.
- parent->child relationship with Aléxandros, King of Greece (born 1 August 1893)
- parent->child relationship with Brandram, Lady Katherine (born 4 May 1913)
- parent->child relationship with Geórgios II, King of Greece (born 19 July 1890)
- parent->child relationship with Helen, Princess of Greece and Denmark (born 2 May 1896)
- parent->child relationship with Irene, Duchess of Aosta (born 13 February 1904)
- parent->child relationship with Pávlos, King of Greece (born 14 December 1901)
- child->parent relationship with Geórgios I, King of Greece (born 24 December 1845)
- spouse relationship with Sophie, Princess of Prussia (born 14 June 1870). Notes: 1889-1923
- sibling relationship with Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark (born 20 January 1882 Jul.Cal. (1 Feb 1882 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Geórgios, Prince of Greece and Denmark (born 24 June 1869)
Originally this entry had a speculative time of 7pm (rated C) with Sy Scholfield quoting from news report, "Allgemeine Zeitung München," 21 Aug. 1868, p. 3561: "Aus Athen, 3 Aug, wird der „N. Fr. Pr.“ geschrieben: „Gestern, eine halbe Stunde vor Mittagszeit, riefen die Glocken sämmtlicher Kirchen der Hauptstadt die Gläubigen zum Gebet, um den Segen des Himmels zu einem Ereigniß zu erflehen das sich seit den Zeiten des Königs Kodrus (1068 v. Chr.) zu Athen nicht mehr begeben hat; erst Abends halb 7 Uhr aber verkündeten tausend Stimmen in allen Straßen und bald darauf der eherne Mund der ehemaligen bayerischen Sechspfünder – das übrige Geschütz steht im Lager – daß der neuen Dynastie ein Sohn geboren worden."
Translation: "From Athens, 3 Aug, "Yesterday at half an hour before noon, the bells of all the churches of the capital called the faithful to pray, to beg the blessing of heaven for an event which had been going on since the time of King Kodrus (1068 BC) at Athens; and at seven-thirty in the evening, a thousand voices in all the streets, and soon afterwards the bronze mouths of the former Bavarian six-pounders -- the rest of the artillery in the camp -- proclaimed a son to the new dynasty."
On 17 May 2017 the time was changed to 6:20pm (rated A) after Scholfield forwarded news report fom "Le Journal des Débats politiques et littéraires," 5 August 1868, p. 1: "Athènes, le 2 août, soir. Ce soir, à six heures vingt minutes, la reine est accouchée d'un prince qui a reçu le nom de Constantin. L'enfant et son auguste mère se portent bien. La plus vive allégresse règne à Athènes." (Athens, 2 August, evening. Tonight, at six-twenty o'clock, the queen was delivered of a prince who has received the name of Constantine. The child and her august mother are well. The most lively joy reigns at Athens).
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Six)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Glücksburg)