Klieneberger-Nobel, Emmy

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Klieneberger-Nobel, Emmy Gender: F
Emma Klieneberger
born on 25 February 1892 at 07:30 (= 07:30 AM )
Place Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 50n07, 8e40
Timezone LMT m8e40 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 06°10' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 27°22 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 23°28'

Portrait of Emmy Klieneberger-Nobel 
(click to view image source)
Emmy Klieneberger-Nobel (Excerpt from one of her publications)
(to view image author and license, click here)


German Jewish microbiologist and a founder of mycoplasma bacterial research. She performed most of her research at the Lister Institute in London, England, after having been expelled from Germany by the Nazis. Over the three decades at the Lister Institute, she published about 80 scientific publications, in particular on the morphology and morphogenesis of bacteria.

In 1935 she discovered and cultured unusual strains of bacteria that lacked a cell wall, naming these strains "L-form bacteria" after the Lister Institute where she was working. These special cell-wall-free forms of some bacterial species, which arise under certain culture conditions, have been implicated in antibiotic resistant infections.

In 1962, shortly before she retired, Klieneberger-Nobel published the first book devoted to mycoplasmas, entitled Pleuropneumonia-like organisms (PPLO) Mycoplasmataceae. Two books followed, Focus on Bacteria (1965) and Pioneering achievements for medical microbiology. Memoirs (1977).

She married the pediatrician Professor Edmund Nobel on 28 January 1944. Edmund died from a heart complaint just two years later in 1946, at the age of 62. They had no children. Emmy Klieneberg-Nobel died on 11 September 1985 at the age of 93.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • Work : Great Achievement 1917 (PhD in botany)
  • Work : Prize 1980 (Robert Koch Medal)

Source Notes

Birth registry entry in hand from Sy Scholfield, copy on file (no. 841). English Wikipedia has 15 February in error.


  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive (PhD in botany)
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage less than 3 Yrs
  • Family : Relationship : Widowed
  • Family : Parenting : Kids none
  • Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Grant, Scholarship, etc.
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 93)
  • Vocation : Education : Researcher
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher
  • Vocation : Science : Biology (Microbiologist)
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
  • Notable : Awards : Vocational award (Robert Koch Medal)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator ("L-form bacteria")