Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry Gender: M
born on 25 June 1884 at 17:30 (= 5:30 PM )
Place Mannheim, Germany, 49n29, 8e29
Timezone LMT m8e29 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 04°27' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 08°33 Asc.s_sagcol.18.gif 02°35'



Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1921 portrait by Juan Gris)

Biography

German-born art historian, art collector, and one of the most notable French art dealers of the 20th century. He became prominent as an art gallery owner in Paris beginning in 1907 and was among the first champions of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and the Cubist movement in art, acting as an art dealer and as a spokesman for Cubist artists. Along with such men as Alfred Flechtheim, Paul Cassirer, Daniel Wildenstein, Léonce Rosenberg and Paul Rosenberg, Kahnweiler was one of the most influential art connoisseurs of the 20th century.

He was among the first people to recognize the importance and beauty of Picasso's Les Demoiselles D'Avignon (created in 1907) and immediately wanted to buy it along with all of Picasso's works. Picasso wrote of Kahnweiler, "What would have become of us if Kahnweiler hadn't had a business sense?" Kahnweiler's appreciation of Picasso's talents was especially gratifying to the artist, since he was largely unknown and destitute at the time when many of his most famous works were created.

In his gallery, Kahnweiler supported many of the great artists of his time who found themselves without adequate recognition and little or no interest among collectors. Initial purchases included works by Kees van Dongen, André Derain, Fernand Léger, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Maurice de Vlaminck and several other artists of the same generation.

Kahnweiler sponsored the first exhibition of the work of Georges Braque. He encouraged the practice of publishing Beaux Livres (beautiful books), in which a contemporary artist would illustrate a work of a contemporary writer. He expanded his presentations by bringing together artists, writers and poets to produce their works as a joint project in more than 40 books.

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 not only ruptured the Cubist experiments in art, but also forced Kahnweiler to live in exile in Switzerland; due to his German citizenship, he was considered an alien under French law. Many German nationals living in France had their possessions sequestered by the French state, and as a result, Kahnweiler's collection was confiscated in 1914 and sold by the government in a series of auctions at the Hôtel Drouot between 1921 and 1923.

During the years of exile (until 1920), Kahnweiler studied and wrote works such as Der Weg Zum Kubismus and Confessions esthétiques. Writing becoming a passion he continued over his lifetime, and he authored hundreds of books and major articles. The second period of enforced writing came during a period of internal exile caused by the events of World War II. As a Jew, the Nazis forced him to flee Paris. He remained in France in hiding.

Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler died in Paris on 11 January 1979, aged 94.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • business associate/partner relationship with Braque, Georges (born 13 May 1882). Notes: Kahnweiler sponsored Braque's first exhibition
  • business associate/partner relationship with Derain, André (born 17 June 1880). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Derain artworks
  • business associate/partner relationship with Dongen, Kees Van (born 26 January 1877). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Van Dongen artworks
  • business associate/partner relationship with Flechtheim, Alfred (born 1 April 1878). Notes: Influential 20th-century art connoisseurs
  • business associate/partner relationship with Gris, Juan (born 23 March 1887). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Gris artworks
  • business associate/partner relationship with Léger, Fernand (born 4 February 1881). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Léger artworks
  • business associate/partner relationship with Picasso, Pablo (born 25 October 1881). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Picasso artworks
  • business associate/partner relationship with Vlaminck, Maurice (born 4 April 1876). Notes: Kahnweiler exhibited and sold Vlaminck artworks
  • has other family relationship with Leiris, Michel (born 20 April 1901). Notes: Father-in-law / son-in-law
  • compare to chart of Rosenberg, Léonce (born 12 September 1879). Notes: Influential 20th-century art connoisseurs
  • compare to chart of Rosenberg, Paul (born 29 December 1881). Notes: Influential 20th-century art connoisseurs
  • compare to chart of Wildenstein, Daniel (born 11 September 1917). Notes: Influential 20th-century art connoisseurs

Events

  • Relationship : Meet a significant person 1904 (Lucie Godon, future wife)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1919 (Lucie Godon)

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from Hommage à Kahnweiler, Issue 1 (Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern, ‎1970): "DATEN AUS DEM LEBEN VON DANIEL-HENRY KAHNWEILER 1884 25. Juni, 17.30 Uhr, in Mannheim, Haus F 8, Nr. 1, geboren."

Categories

  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (25+ years)
  • Family : Parenting : Foster, Step, or Adopted Kids (One step-daughter)
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Collector (Art)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Other Home (Exile)
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 94)
  • Vocation : Art : Art critic (Historian)
  • Vocation : Business : Business owner (Art gallery)
  • Vocation : Business/Marketing : Sales (Art dealer)
  • Vocation : Business/Marketing : Stockbroker
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Art)