Josefina, Queen of Sweden and Norway
|Birthname||Joséphine Maximilienne Eugénie Napoléone de Beauha|
|born on||14 March 1807 at 16:30 (= 4:30 PM )|
|Place||Milan, Italy, 45n28, 9e12|
|Timezone||LMT m9e12 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||23°11' 21°52 Asc. 06°30'|
Queen consort of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I, as well as Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded to be politically active during the reign of her spouse. She acted as his political adviser and actively participated in state affairs.
Joséphine was the first of six children of Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg (1781-1824), and his wife, Princess Augusta of Bavaria (1788-1851). Her paternal grandmother and namesake was Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie, the first wife of Napoleon: she was given the name 'Joséphine' by Napoleon's request. Her maternal grandfather was Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.
Princess Joséphine married Crown Prince Oscar by proxy at the Palais Leuchtenberg in Munich, Bavaria, Germany on 22 May 1823. They also conducted a wedding ceremony in person on 19 June 1823 in Stockholm, Sweden. The first wedding ceremony was Catholic, and the second wedding ceremony was Lutheran.
Oscar and Josephine had five children, of whom two were to become kings of Sweden and Norway. However, Oscar was known for his extramarital affairs, a fact that deeply tormented Josephine, who suffered from jealousy.
In 1844, Josephine became Queen of Sweden and Norway at the accession of her spouse. She was crowned in Sweden on 28 September 1844.
Josephine is thought to have been the instigator of the laws providing equal inheritance for men and women in 1845, reforms in the prisons and social care, and the abolition of the guilds in 1846.
In 1859, Oscar died, thereby making Josephine queen dowager. As queen dowager, she lost all political influence and devoted herself to her charitable activities and her interest in the Catholic congregation and its issues.
Queen Josephine died in Stockholm on 7 June 1876, aged 69.
- parent->child relationship with August, Prince of Sweden and Norway (born 24 August 1831)
- parent->child relationship with Carl XV, King of Sweden (born 3 May 1826)
- parent->child relationship with Eugénie, Princess of Sweden and Norway (born 24 April 1830)
- parent->child relationship with Gustaf, Duke of Uppland (born 18 June 1827)
- parent->child relationship with Oscar II, King of Sweden-Norway (born 21 January 1829)
- sibling relationship with Auguste de Beauharnais, Prince Consort of Portugal (born 9 December 1810)
- Relationship : Marriage 22 May 1823 (Crown Prince Oscar of Sweden, by proxy)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Relationship : Marriage 19 June 1823 (Crown Prince Oscar of Sweden, by marriage)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield forwarded news report from "National-Zeitung der Deutschen," 2 Apr. 1807: "Ihre kaiserl. Hoheit, die Frau Prinzessin Augusta, Bizekonigin von Italien ist am 14sten Marz Nachmittags um 4 Uhr von einer Prinzessin glücklich entbunden worden." (Her Imperial Highness, Princess Augusta, Queen of Italy, was happily delivered of a princess at four o'clock in the afternoon on 14 March).
Another reference work, "Das Jahr 1807. Nebst einer Abbildung und Beschreibung des Napoleon-Gestirns" by Johann Gottfried Dyck (Dyk'schen Buchandlung, 1808), p. 56, gives 5pm ("Abends um 5 Uhr").
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (By her husband)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Five)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Bernadotte, by marriage)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Beauharnais, by birth)