Johst, Hanns

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Name
Johst, Hanns Gender: M
Arno Johannes Johst
born on 8 July 1890 at 06:30 (= 06:30 AM )
Place Seerhausen, Germany, 51n16, 13e15
Timezone LMT m13e15 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 15°57' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 03°41 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 13°19'



Hanns Johst (1933)
photo: Unknown, license cc-by-sa-3.0-de

Biography

German poet and playwright, directly aligned with Nazi philosophy, as a member of the officially approved writers’ organisations in the Third Reich. The statement “When I hear the word culture, I reach for my gun”, variously misattributed to Himmler, Goebbels and Göring, was in fact a corrupted version of a line in his play Schlageter.

His early work is influenced by Expressionism. Examples include Der Anfang [The Beginning] (1917) and Der König [The King] (1920). Later, he turned to a naturalist philosophy in plays such as Wechsler und Händler [Money changers and Traders] (1923) and Thomas Paine (1927).

Bertolt Brecht's first play Baal was written in response to Johst's play Der Einsame [The Lonely], a dramatization of the life of playwright Christian Dietrich Grabbe. In 1928 Johst joined Alfred Rosenberg's Kampfbund für deutsche Kultur (Militant League for German Culture) designed to combat "Jewish" influence in German culture. In 1932 he joined the Nazi party, explaining his agreement with Hitler's ideology in the essay "Standpunkt und Fortschritt" [Standpoint and Progress] in 1933.

When the Nazis achieved power in 1933, Johst wrote the play Schlageter, an expression of Nazi ideology which was performed on Hitler's 44th birthday, 20 April 1933, to celebrate his victory. It was a heroic biography of the proto-Nazi martyr Albert Leo Schlageter.

After the war Johst was interned by the Allies. In 1949 he was tried for his activities, and was imprisoned for three and a half years. On his release he was unable to reestablish his career as a writer. Johst was sentenced with a ten-year writing ban. He died on 23 November 1978, aged 88, in Ruhpolding, Bavaria.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from Hanns Johst: "Der Barde der SS": Karrieren eines deutschen Dichters by Rolf Düsterberg (Schöningh, 2004), p. 18: "Am 8. Juli 1890, um 6.30 Uhr, kam in der am Bach Jahna gelegenen (heute noch als privates Wohnhaus erhaltenen) Dorfschule Seerhausens, in der das Paar auch seine Wohnung hatte, deren erstes und einziges Kind zur Welt, das auf den Namen Arno Johannes evangelisch-lutherisch getauft wurde."

Translation: On 8 July 1890, at 6.30 o'clock [AM], arrived in the village Jahna located (still preserved as a private residence) in the village school at Seerhausen, in which the couple also had an apartment, their first and only child to the world, who was baptized with the name Arno Johannes as an Evangelical Lutheran.

Categories

  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 88)
  • Vocation : Politics : Nazi party (1932-1945)
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Novels, stories, novellas)
  • Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet