Johnson, Elizabeth (1721)

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Johnson, Elizabeth (1721) Gender: F
Elizabeth Reynolds
born on 8 July 1721 Jul.Cal. (19 July 1721 greg.) at 05:45 (= 05:45 AM )
Place Plympton, England, 50n23, 4w03
Timezone LMT m4w03 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 26°19' s_mo.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 00°23 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 12°29'

Elizabeth (1721) Johnson (1822)


English pamphleteer who attempted to win one of the rewards offered by the Longitude Act passed in 1714. Johnson and Jane Squire are the only two women known to have done so. It was not considered an appropriate subject for early modern women especially given its financial, maritime, and government dimensions.

Among her siblings was the acclaimed artist Sir Joshua Reynolds, who used her as a model for works which were widely copied in mezzotint. Their other siblings included the author Mary Palmer and painter Frances Reynolds.

On 7 January 1753, Elizabeth Reynolds married William Johnson at St. Michael and All Angels in Great Torrington, Devon. The marriage produced seven children before her spouse abandoned the family, leaving Elizabeth at least in part dependent on her literary endeavours.

Johnson's religious pamphlets, beginning with The Explication of the Vision to Ezekiel in 1781, were written anonymously - likely to evade any criticism of women publishing or expressing religious ideas. The Astronomy and Geography of the Created World, her fourth pamphlet published in 1785, included a short reference to longitude.

Elizabeth Johnson died in Great Torrington, Devon on 14 May 1800, aged 78.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • sibling relationship with Palmer, Mary (born 9 February 1716 Jul.Cal. (20 Feb 1716 greg.))
  • sibling relationship with Reynolds, Frances (born 10 May 1729 Jul.Cal. (21 May 1729 greg.))
  • sibling relationship with Reynolds, Joshua (born 16 July 1723 Jul.Cal. (27 July 1723 greg.))


  • Relationship : Marriage 7 January 1753 (William Johnson)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield cites her brother Joshua Reynolds quoting from family bible in Life and Times of Sir Joshua Reynolds: With Notices of Some of His Contemporaries ; Commenced by Charles Robert Leslie ; Continued and Concluded by Tom Taylor, Volume 1 (J. Murray, 1865), p. xi: "1721, Jul. 8.--Saturday, a quarter before 6 in the morning, or somewhat better, my sister Betty was born." This date was a Saturday in the Julian calendar.


  • Traits : Body : Appearance gorgeous
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Seven)
  • Vocation : Beauty : Model (Artists' model)
  • Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy