Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich
|born on||25 January 1743 at 01:45 (= 01:45 AM )|
|Place||Düsseldorf, Germany, 51n12, 6e47|
|Timezone||LMT m6e47 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||04°45' 25°57 Asc. 12°21'|
German philosopher, literary figure, socialite, and the younger brother of poet Johann Georg Jacobi.
He is notable for popularizing the term nihilism (coined by Obereit in 1787) and promoting it as the prime fault of Enlightenment thought particularly in the philosophical systems of Baruch Spinoza, Immanuel Kant, Johann Fichte and Friedrich Schelling. Instead of speculative reason, he advocated Glaube (variously translated as faith or "belief") and revelation. In this sense, Jacobi anticipated present-day writers who criticize secular philosophy as relativistic and dangerous for religious faith. In his time, he was also well-known among literary circles for his critique of the Sturm and Drang movement, and implicitly close associate Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and its visions of atomized individualism. His literary projects were devoted to the reconciliation of Enlightenment individualism with social obligation.
He died on 10 March 1819, aged 76, in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.
- associate relationship with Claudius, Matthias (born 15 August 1740)
- associate relationship with Hemsterhuis, Frans (born 27 December 1721). Notes: Acquaintance
- associate relationship with Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (born 22 January 1729)
- associate relationship with Mendelssohn, Moses (born 6 September 1729)
- associate relationship with Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph (born 27 January 1775)
- associate relationship with Wieland, Christoph Martin (born 5 September 1733)
- friend relationship with Baader, Franz Xaver von (born 27 March 1765)
Sy Scholfield quotes from "Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (1743-1819): Düsseldorf als Zentrum von Wirtschaftsreform, Literatur und Philosophie im 18. Jahrhundert" by Klaus Hammacher, Kurt Christ and Heinrich-Heine-Institut (Droste, 1985), p. 14: "Helmut Jacobi, Erlangen Die hier aufgeschlagene Seite hält die am 25. Januar 1743, morgens um 1.45 h erfolgte Geburt des „wohlgestalteten Söhnleins" Friedrich Heinrich fest. Am 27. Januar erfolgte die Taufe unter der Patenschaft der Mutter Johann Conrads, seines Bruders, des Celler Superintendenten, sowie des Schwagers Heinrich Kirschbaum."
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist
- Vocation : Humanities+Social Sciences : Philosopher
- Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy
- Notable : Famous : Socialite