Huygens, Lodewijck

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Huygens, Lodewijck Gender: M
born on 13 March 1631 (greg.) at 22:00 (= 10:00 PM )
Place The Hague, Netherlands, 52n06, 4e18
Timezone LMT m4e18 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 23°05' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 25°53 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 05°39'



Error creating thumbnail:
Lodewijck Huygens (anonymous portrait, 1674)

Biography

Dutch diplomat.

He was the third son of Dutch public servant Constantijn Huygens (1596–1687). His eldest brother Constantijn Huygens Jr. (1628–1697) was a Dutch soldier, statesman, and telescope maker. His other brother Christiaan Huygens (1629–1695) was a physicist also involved in important works in optics and sound.

At age 20, Lodewijck Huygens carried out diplomatic missions in England. During that period 1651-1652, he made friends with notable people including Lady Elizabeth Raleigh (the former Bess Throckmorton, 1565 – c. 1647), architect Inigo Jones (1573–1652), poet and dramatist Ben Jonson (1572–1637), and Sir Francis Bacon the Attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England.

Huygens' trip to Spain during 1661–1662, was after the Commonwealth republican period, that was led by Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector of England, which meant to defuse the aggressive English politics and the Dutch naval defeats of the time.

The murder of the De Witt brothers by Dutch mobs in August 1672 changed the foreign outlook of Dutch Politics. In 1672 the newly appointed Stadtholder William III of Orange, later king William III of England and Ireland and William II of Scotland, appointed Huygens as sheriff of Gorinchem. Huygens' actions as sheriff eventually resulted in considerable strife between local factions, whereby Huygens was faced with a formidable opponent, Jacob van der Ulft. Accusations of corruption against Huygens eventually resulted in a criminal case before the Provincial Court of Holland and Zeeland, yet Huygens was able to return to his office of sheriff of Gorinchem in 1678. Strife and conflict in the city of Gorinchem continued after Huygens' return, which ultimately resulted in Huygens' fall from grace with his patron William III in 1685. Huygens "voluntarily" gave up his office of sheriff of Gorinchem and was appointed member of the Admiralty of the Meuse instead.

Lodewijck Huygens died on 1 July 1699.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • friend relationship with Bacon, Francis (born 22 January 1561 Jul.Cal. (1 Feb 1561 greg.))
  • friend relationship with Jonson, Ben (born 11 June 1573 Jul.Cal. (21 June 1573 greg.))

Events

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes "Huygens herdacht: catalogus bij de tentoonstelling in de Koninklijke Bibliotheek ter gelegenheid van de 300ste sterfdag van Constantijn Huygens, 26 maart-9 mei 1987" by Arthur Eyffinger (Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Netherlands, 1987), p. 157: "LODEWIJCK geboren op donderdag 13 maart 1631 te 22.00 uur in hetzelfde huis; een gezond en mooi kindje." [Lodewijck born on Thursday, March 13th, 1631 at 22:00 in the same house, a healthy and beautiful baby]. Thursday on this date was New Style.

Categories

  • Vocation : Politics : Diplomat