Hofmo, Gunvor

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Hofmo, Gunvor Gender: F
born on 30 June 1921 at 07:00 (= 07:00 AM )
Place Oslo, Norway, 59n55, 10e45
Timezone MET h1e (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Viktor
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 07°53' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 27°43 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 15°53'

Gunvor Hofmo
photo: NTB CC-BY-NC-SA-4.0 Supplier: NTB scanpix, license cc-by-sa-4.0


Norwegian poet often considered one of the most important modernist poets in her country. She started her literary career submitting poems for publication to a wide variety of presses, including the communist newspaper Friheten ('The Freedom') and weekly magazines such as Hjemmet ('The Home').

One of her first published poems was dedicated to her close friend Ruth Maier, who, during the Holocaust, was arrested, deported, and killed in Auschwitz (in 1942), an event that by all accounts became the biggest and central tragedy in Hofmo's life. She was hospitalized in 1943 for depression, starting a lifelong struggle with mental illness.

In 1947 Hofmo met the poet Astrid Tollefsen. They moved in together, becoming one of the first Norwegian couples living in an openly lesbian relationship. They continued to live and travel together until Hofmo was incapacitated and committed due to mental illness.

Hofmo was institutionalized at Gaustad Psychiatric Hospital, suffering from schizophrenia, paranoid type, from 1955 to 1971, leading to what was known as her "16 years of silence." Following her discharge, she went into a period of considerable productivity, publishing fifteen poetry collections between 1971 and 1994. From 1977 until her death she never left her apartment.

Gunvor Hofmo died on 14 October 1995 in Oslo, aged 74.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • Death of Significant person 1942 (Ruth Maier, killed in Auschwitz)
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 1955 (Psychiatric hospital)
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 1971 (Psychiatric hospital)

Source Notes

Viktor E. quotes certificate of live birth in hand.


  • Traits : Personality : Private (Reclusive)
  • Diagnoses : Psychological : Institutionalized
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Astrid Tollefsen, poet)
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Same sex (Astrid Tollefsen)
  • Passions : Sexuality : Lesbian
  • Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist (Essayist)
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet
  • Notable : Awards : Vocational award (Literary prizes)