Historic: Empire State Bldg
|Birthname||New York City|
|born on||1 May 1931 at 11:30 (= 11:30 AM )|
|Place||Manhattan, New York, 40n46, 73w59|
|Timezone||EDT h4w (is daylight saving time)|
|Astrology data||10°17' 02°29 Asc. 02°41'|
American skyscraper, a 102-storey office building located in Midtown Manhattan at 350 Fifth Avenue between West 33rd and 34th Streets. It has a roof height of 1,250 feet (381 m), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of 1,454 feet (443 m) high. Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State. It stood as the world's tallest building for nearly 40 years, from its completion in early 1931 until the topping out of the original World Trade Center's North Tower in late 1970. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, the Empire State Building was again the tallest building in New York, until One World Trade Center reached a greater height in April 2012. The Empire State Building is currently the fifth-tallest completed skyscraper in the United States and the 29th-tallest in the world. It is also the fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the Americas. When measured by pinnacle height, it is the fourth-tallest building in the United States.
The Empire State Building is an American cultural icon. It is designed in the distinctive Art Deco style and has been named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The building and its street floor interior are designated landmarks of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and confirmed by the New York City Board of Estimate. It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2010, the Empire State Building underwent a $550 million renovation, with $120 million spent to transform the building into a more energy efficient and eco-friendly structure.
Construction of the Empire State Building began in March 1930 on the site of the old Waldorf-Astoria Hotel at 350 Fifth Avenue at 34th Street. Construction was completed in May 1931 after 14 months.
Excavation began 22 January 1930, before demolition of old Waldorf-Astoria Hotel completed.
Construction began 17 March 1930. Framework rose at the rate of 4 1/2 stories per week.
Cornerstone laid by Alfred E. Smith, former governor of New York, on 17 September 1930.
Masonry completed on 13 November 1930.
- compare to chart of Cities: New York, New York (Consolidation) (born 1 January 1898)
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- compare to chart of Plane Crash: B-25 hits Empire Stat Building (1945) (born 28 July 1945). Notes: Crash 1945
Shelley Ackerman sends date, no time. Sy Scholfield updated the data with the time quoted from "EMPIRE STATE TOWER, TALLEST IN WORLD, IS OPENED BY HOOVER," New York Times, 2 May 1931, p. 1: "The new Empire State Building . . . was opened formally yesterday . . . President Hoover in Washington pressed a button at 11:30 A.M. that switched on the lights within the building . . . [and] sent a message of congratulation that was read by former Governor Alfred E. Smith, president of Empire State, Inc., at a luncheon and ceremonial on the eighty-sixth floor. The president paused at the threshold of a Cabinet meeting to play his part in the dedication of the world's loftiest building. Only a few minutes earlier Mary Adams Warner and Arthur Smith Jr., granchildren of former Governor Smith had cut the ribbon that barred the doors of the Fifth Avenue entrance."
- Mundane : Misc. Mundane : Historic milestones (World's tallest structure, 1931–1954)
- Mundane : Misc. Mundane : Historic milestones (Tallest building in the world, 1931–1970)