Historic: Eiffel Tower
|born on||31 March 1889 at 14:35 (= 2:35 PM )|
|Place||Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20|
|Timezone||LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||11°04' 12°27 Asc. 29°28'|
French monument, a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
Constructed in 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticized by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but it has become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015.
The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second-tallest structure in France after the Millau Viaduct.
The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level's upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets can be purchased to ascend by stairs or lift (elevator) to the first and second levels. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second. Although there is a staircase to the top level, it is usually only accessible by lift.
- compare to chart of Eiffel, Gustave (born 15 December 1832). Notes: Engineer of the tower
- compare to chart of Historic: Chrysler Building (born 27 May 1930). Notes: World's tallest structure, 1930–1931
- compare to chart of Historic: Empire State Bldg (born 1 May 1931). Notes: World's tallest structure, 1931–1954
- compare to chart of Historic: Taipei 101 (born 31 December 2004). Notes: World's tallest structure, 1889-1930
- compare to chart of Historic: Washington Monument (born 21 February 1885). Notes: World's tallest structure, 1889-1930
Sy Scholfield quotes from two sources: "Paris, March 31 . . . At half-past 2 o'clock to-day the ceremony of hoisting the first flag from the summit was celebrated" ("The Eiffel Tower," Times (London, England), 1 April 1889, p. 5); "Toutefois, M. Eiffel était accompagné d'une dizaine de vaillants, lorsque, à deux heures trente-cinq, il a tiré la corde servant à hisser l'énorme étendard tricolore qui s'est envolé gracieusement dans l'air ("La pose du drapeau sur la tour Eiffel," Le Monde Illustré, 13 April 1889, p. 243, translated in Eiffel: The Genius Who Reinvented Himself by David I. Harvie [History Press, 2013]: "M. Eiffel was accompanied by ten gallant men when, at two-thirty-five he pulled the cord used to hoist the enormous tricolour, which unfurled gracefully in the air").
- Mundane : Misc. Mundane : Historic milestones (World's tallest structure, 1889—1930)