Historic: Burj Khalifa
|born on||4 January 2010 at 19:55 (= 7:55 PM )|
|Place||Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 25n18, 55e18|
|Timezone||R3T h4e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||14°11' 07°57 Asc. 13°52'|
United Arab Emirian skyscraper in Dubai, currently the tallest structure in the world, standing at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).
Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. It is designed to be the centerpiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. The decision to build the building is reportedly based on the government's decision to diversify from an oil-based economy, and for Dubai to gain international recognition. The building was named in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the UAE government lent Dubai money to pay its debts. The building broke numerous height records.
Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith, then of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), whose firm designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center. Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. The design of Burj Khalifa is derived from patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture, incorporating cultural and historical elements particular to the region, such as the spiral minaret. The Y-shaped plan is designed for residential and hotel usage. A buttressed core structural system is used to support the height of the building, and the cladding system is designed to withstand Dubai's summer temperatures. A total of 57 elevators and 8 escalators are installed with a capacity of 12 to 14 passengers per cabin.
Critical reception to Burj Khalifa has been generally positive, and the building has received many awards. However, the labor issues during construction were controversial, since the building was built primarily by workers from South and East Asia, who earned low wages and were reportedly housed in poor conditions.
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Sy Scholfield quotes news reports: "Dubai’s ruler on Monday evening officially inaugurated the world’s tallest building, but in a shock move the 828-metre tower was unveiled as Burj Khalifa Bin Zayed instead of Burj Dubai. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum at around 8 p.m. drew the curtain on the tower’s plaque to reveal the name Burj Khalifa Bin Zayed engraved on it" ("828-metre Burj Dubai renamed Burj Khalifa" (4 Jan. 2010 ).
"7.55pm JB: Sheikh Mohammed [h]as officially declared the Burj Dubai open and there is huge applause. He unveils a plaque to celebrate the event. The bagpipes are in full blow.
7.53pm JB: And were off... Dubai Fountain explodes into life as HH approaches his seat. He now starts to say a few words in Arabic. We'll try to get a translation as soon as possible." . (Archive ).
- Mundane : Misc. Mundane : Historic milestones (World's tallest structure, 2008-)