Hirsch, Samuel Juda

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Hirsch, Samuel Juda Gender: M
born on 22 October 1872 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )
Place Amsterdam, Netherlands, 52n22, 4e54
Timezone LMT m4e54 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 28°59' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 03°46 Asc.s_vircol.18.gif 09°40'



Samuel Juda Hirsch (Synagogue of Zwolle, as seen from the former Nieuwe Markt (New market) , since Sept 1989 renamed to Samuel Hirsch street.)
photo: Rolf Versteeg, license gfdl

Biography

Dutch chief rabbi of Zwolle (Overijssel) from 1902 until his death in 1941.

Hirsch originated from an orthodox Jewish environment, he was already destined for a rabbinical career by his father at a young age, who taught hin Jewish teaching and sciences. In Amsterdam he visited the special (Jewish) primary school of Rabbi J. Polenaar and the Dutch Israelite Seminary conducted by J.H. Dunner, an orthodox religious gymnasium that trained rabbis and religious teachers. He completed a compulsory examination in classical literature on 30 April 1895 at the University of Amsterdam. He concluded his studies in 1900 with obtaining the Morenu (Hebrew: מורנו‎, lit.) "our teacher"title (the highest attainable degree), which gave the right to exercise a rabbinic function.

Hirsch was a good and fascinating speaker, and after a lecture in Zwolle in 1902, the local assembly appointed him unanimously as chief rabbi in the 20-year-old shepherd-less province of Overijssel. During his installation in the Zwolle synagogue, he explained his program, clearly formed by education and education. After the observation that the true Jewish life was threatened by discontent, materialism, far-reaching assimilation, deviation from the religious commandments and lack of Jewish knowledge and Jewish education, he pleaded for the restoration of traditional Judaism, of which Torah and tradition are the basis and the touchstone had to be. Hirsch proposed to restore and defend these principles in his resort without any concessions.

Some examples of the implementation of this program are the foundation by Hirsch of two Zwolle-based Thorastudie and education societies and the requirement for the traditional fence for the women's gallery in the Zwolle synagogue. Also the interest in the history of the Jewish people, according to him a guide to the world through his morality and fulfilment of the religious laws, was closely related to his ideas. The foundation, under his leadership, of the Dutch department of Agoedas Jisroeil after the First World War also hung directly with his ideals. Until his death, Hirsch was chairman of this division of the world federation of law-abiding Jews, who placed the Torah at the center of Jewish life and opposed Zionism, materialism and assimilation. This position made him one of the most important leaders of Dutch orthodox Judaism. Through this and through the treatment of general Jewish issues, he gained national and international recognition. In the Netherlands, his influence increased even more by the various interim chief rabbinates he held and by his many speeches and articles, in which frequently current issues from Thorate texts were approached and considered.

Hirsch also fulfilled numerous other functions, especially in the charitable field, both inside and outside the Jewish community. He was, for example, a member of the board of the Dutch Israelite Seminary, the Central Israelite Orphanage in Leiden, the SA Rudelsheim Foundation for Jewish Imprisoned Children, the Israel Association for Ailing Foreign Jews, the Zwolle Department of Pro Juventute, the Association for the Control of Tuberculosis and the Nut. He also personally tried to alleviate the spiritual and material needs of his fellow man.

Hirsch was delighted that his efforts to raise Judaism as he strove for that in Overijssel were in agreement and support. In his resort he was a beloved foreman. Because of his workforce, piety, modesty, charitable work and principled attitude he was considered a man in many Jewish and non-Jewish circles. The number of attendees attending the celebration of his 25-year jubilee in 1927 was also great. As a result of this fact, the Eits Chajim society gave him a three occasion reasons (Amsterdam, 1927). The developments in Germany in the early thirties worried him. From 1933 he was involved in supporting German-Jewish refugees. He regarded the great persecutions of 1938 as a punishment for all of the fate of Israel, because of apostasy from the commandments and sabbath removal. The horrors, according to him, were to bring people to repentance. He had also made such a statement after the First World War. Israel, however, would restore itself, because it is God's people, he thought.

Hirsch died a natural death on 11 August 1941 and was buried two days later with great interest at the Jewish cemetery in Zwolle.

Personal

He was the son of Simon Azarja Hirsch (‎27 January 1841, A'dam - ‎25 nov 1916, A'dam), merchant, and Ganna Spitz (29 jun 1845, A'dam- 15 July 1888, A'dam). They had fourteen children. He married on 8-12-1902 Betty Wormser (6 January 1877, Karlsruhe – 23 July 1943, Sobibor, Poland) in Zwolle. They got five sons, two of them died young, and seven daughters. Only two of the remaining ten children survived the Shoah.

Events

  • Other Family 11 May 1874 in Amsterdam (Sister born: Rebecca Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 6 March 1876 in Amsterdam (Sister born: Rachel Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 1 April 1877 in Amsterdam (Sister born: Lea Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 1 October 1878 in Amsterdam (Sister born: Mirjam Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 19 February 1880 in Amsterdam (Brother born: Benzion Joachim Hirsch, married Sara Jetta van Zwanenburg‏‎ in 24 April 1911 in Oss, both killed 16 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 19 October 1886 in Amsterdam (Brother born: Eliahu Jesaia Hirsch, married Klara de Liever on 18 November 1925 in A'dam, got a child Ganna Henriette Hirsch (1 Febr 1927 A'dam), all killed 4 June 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mother 15 July 1888 in Amsterdam (Channa Spitz)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : End a program of study 30 April 1895 in Amsterdam (Classical literature at the UVA)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Begin a program of study 30 March 1902 in Zwolle (Elected as chief rabi of Zwolle)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 13 July 1902 in Zwolle (Installation speech in Zwolle)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 8 December 1902 in Zwolle (Bettij Wormser, born 6 January 1877, Karlsruhe, died 23 July 1943, Sobibor, Poland)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 11 November 1903 in Zwolle (Ganna Vredenburg-Hirsch, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 28 January 1905 in Zwolle (Raphaël Hirsch, died 5 December 1944 in Bergen-Belsen)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 26 February 1908 in Zwolle (Joseph Izak Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 7 November 1910 in Zwolle (Lea Hirsch, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 12 March 1911 in Apeldoorn (Rachel Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 29 January 1912 in Zwolle (Esther Polak-Hirsch, died 15 February 1943 in Auschwitz)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 27 March 1913 in Zwolle (Bentsion Baruch Hirsch, died 18 April 1945 in Senftenberg, Brandenburg)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 21 February 1916 in Zwolle (Helena Hirsch, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Father 25 November 1916 in Amsterdam (Simon Azaria Hirsch, born ‎27 January 1841, A'dam)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 16 February 1917 in Amsterdam (Mirjam Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 27 August 1917 in Zwolle (Jenny van Zwaanenburgh-Hirsch, Jenny van Zwaanenburgh-Hirsch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 10 November 1919 in Zwolle (Rebecca Rosa Hirsch , died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 27 August 1935 in Zwolle (Ganna Hirsch married Izak Vredenburg, born 16 November 1904 in Amsterdam.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 17 July 1936 in Amsterdam (grandchild: Judith Julie Vredenburg, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 14 April 1938 in Amsterdam (grandchild: Simon Azaria Vredenburg, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 20 July 1939 in Amsterdam (grandchild: Jacob Menachem Vredenburg, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Mundane : Stampede 25 February 1941 in Amsterdam (The 1941 February strike is considered to be the first public protest against the Nazis in occupied Europe, and the only mass protest against the deportation of Jews to be organized by non-Jews.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 11 June 1941 in Amsterdam (grandchild: Raphael Salomon Vredenburg, died 23 July 1943 in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Disease 11 August 1941 in Zwolle (long illness)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 13 March 1942 in Oss (Esther Hirsch, born 25 June 1869, Amsterdam)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 24 July 1942 in Amsterdam (Grandchild: Samuel Juda Vredenburg)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 9 April 1943 in Sobibór extermination camp (Sara Hirsch, born 13 Feb 1871, Amsterdam)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Child 14 June 1943 in Westerbork transit camp (Grandchild: Samuel Juda Vredenburg)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Child 23 July 1943 in Sobibór extermination camp (Ganna Hirsch, Rabbi Izak Vredenburg and their remaining four children were gassed on arrival in Sobibor)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Svi retrieved BC online municipal archive.

Hirsch, Samuel Juda (1872-1941) - Resources Huygens ING - KNAW

Synagoge van Zwolle

Categories

  • Vocation : Religion : Ecclesiastics/ western (chief rabbi)