Hertz, Mathilde Carmen
|Birthname||Elisabeths Schwester Mathilde Hertz|
|born on||14 January 1891 at 12:00 (= 12:00 noon )|
|Place||Bonn, Germany, 50n44, 7e05|
|Timezone||LMT m7e05 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||24°04' 17°30 Asc. 18°36'|
German biologist, who was one of the first influential women scientists in the field of biology and a pioneer in the field of comparative psychology. Working in Germany, her career started to unravel in 1933 due to her Jewish ancestry. She was the younger daughter of the famous physicist Heinrich Rudolf Hertz.
In 1925, she completed a doctoral degree based on the analysis of primitive mammalian teeth. Once finished with her dissertation, she focused her attention on a different area. Influenced by renowned animal psychologist Wolfgang Koehler, she moved into the area of animal psychology. She moved to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin, Germany, where she undertook much of her subsequent studies.
With the help of Richard Goldschmidt, she overcame gender barriers and started running her own laboratory in Berlin. Here, in 1929, she completed a post-doctoral degree studying the optical fields of honeybees.
Under the newly elected Nazi regime, she was forced to give up teaching due to her Jewish ancestry. She emigrated to the United Kingdom and continued her research at Cambridge University in 1935. She died relatively lonely and in poverty on 20 November 1975.
- associate relationship with Goldschmidt, Richard (born 12 April 1878)
- associate relationship with Planck, Max (born 23 April 1858)
- child->parent relationship with Hertz, Heinrich (born 22 February 1857)
- other kin relationship with Hertz, Gustav (born 22 July 1887). Notes: Cousin
Sy Scholfield quotes from the book Heinrich Hertz: eine Biographie by Albrecht Fölsing (Hoffmann und Campe, 1997), p. 438: "Im Jahr 1890 . . . in Bonn. Erst im neuen Jahr wurde am 14. Januar in der Mittagszeit das Kind geboren, ein gesundes Mädchen, das auf den Namen von Elisabeths Schwester Mathilde getauft wurde." Translation: 'In 1890 . . . in Bonn. Not until 14 January in the new year  was born the child at noon, a healthy girl who was baptized with the name of Elizabeth's sister Mathilde.'
- Vocation : Healing Fields : Psychologist (Animal psychologist)
- Vocation : Science : Biology