Guzmán y Spinola, Jaime de
|born on||15 January 1690 (greg.) at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )|
|Place||Seville, Spain, 37n23, 5w59|
|Timezone||LMT m5w59 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°31' 17°11 Asc. 14°33'|
Spanish Army commander and Captain General of Catalonia, who was also the Fifth Count of Pezuela de las Torres, near Alcalá de Henares.
In 1749 he was appointed Captain General of Catalonia, a function he exercised for the next 10 years till the death of King Ferdinand VI of Spain in 1759, but the new King Carlos III of Spain, former King in Naples, kept him on doing so, for another eight years, until his death, something very unusual.
During his term of power he developed a good school of Military Engineers in Barcelona, the Academia de Matemáticas de Barcelona. He did much to approve the access to the city from land and sea, the water supply and the street lighting. His most important works were the construction of Barceloneta, the San Fernando Castle in Figueras and the reconstruction of the Montjuich fortress.
He died on 25 January 1767, aged 77.
Sy Scholfield cites birth record quoted in Jaime de Guzmán y Spinola, Capitán general de Cataluña, II Marqués de la Mina by Ernesto Barea Amorena (Editorial Club Universitario, 2016), p. 10: "Como hemos mostrado en la biografía del primer marqués de la Mina, a los siete años de su matrimonio, agosto de 1688, había nacido en esta familia, que sigue instalada en Sevilla, una hija, Micaela María. Jaime Miguel, segundo de los hijos, su «hijo primogénito», nace en Sevilla «a las dos de la mañana» el 15 de enero de 1690."
(As we have shown in the biography of the first Marquis de la Mina, seven years after their marriage, in August 1688, a daughter, Micaela María, was born in this family, which was still settled in Seville. Jaime Miguel, second of the children, his "firstborn son", was born in Seville "at two in the morning" on 15 January 1690).
- Vocation : Military : Military career