Groeneweg, Susanna

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Groeneweg, Susanna Gender: F
born on 4 March 1875 at 12:00 (= 12:00 noon )
Place Strijensas, Netherlands, 51n43, 4e35
Timezone LMT m4e35 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 13°31' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 00°24 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 12°56'

Susanna Groeneweg
photo: Collectie SPAARNESTAD PHOTO/Fotograaf onbekend, license cc-by-sa-3.0


Dutch politician for the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP). She was the first woman to be elected into the Dutch parliament.

Het father Arie Groeneweg (1833-1899) was a farmhand and grocer, her mother Emmigje de Ruiter (1831-1906) a housewife.

Suzannee nver married and became a teacher in Rotterdam. She was active in the work for people's education, and also for gender equality, although she did not participate in eseparate women's groups but preferred to work from within the party. She was also active within the temperance union and the pacifist movement.

Groeneweg was a member of the central committee of the social democratic party, SDAP, in 1917, when partial woman suffrage was introduced: women could be voted into office, but not vote themselves. In 1918, when the first elections after women's suffrage was held, she was elected to parliament as the first woman.

As of 1 January, 1920, women in the Netherlands got the right to actively vote as well (which right they could first use at the 1922 elections). Suze Groeneweg was re-elected the same year, and six other women joined her in the house of representatives.

Groeneweg stayed member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands until June 1937. She was also member of the municipal council of Rotterdam between 1919 and 1931, and the States-Provincial of South Holland between 1919 and 1937.

On 30 August 1937 she was knigthed.

She died 19 October 1940 in Barendrecht.

Link to Wikimedia


  • Social : Joined group 1 May 1903 (became SDAP member)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 17 September 1918 in Den Haag (First female Member of Dutch Parliament)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 7 November 1918 in Den Haag (maidenspeech)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Begin Major Project 2 September 1919 in Rotterdam (Local politician in Rotterdam (till 1 Sept 1931))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Left group 8 June 1937 in Den Haag (left parliament)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Great Achievement 27 August 1937 in Rotterdam (First female civil servant of Municipalilty of Rotterdam)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize 30 August 1937 (awarded Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion)
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  • Death, Cause unspecified 19 October 1940 in Barendrecht
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Svi retrieved BC from online municipal archive of Strijen.

Groeneweg, Susanna (1875-1940)


  • Vocation : Education : Teacher (started as a school teacher)
  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ social (pacifist, teetotalism)
  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ feminist
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office (member of parliament, municipal county, province)
  • Notable : Famous : First in Field (1st Dutch female member of parliament , Marriage officiant etc)