Goedvolk, Christina

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Goedvolk, Christina Gender: F
born on 14 March 1847 at 12:00 (= 12:00 noon )
Place Delft, Netherlands, 52n01, 4e22
Timezone LMT m4e22 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 23°18' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 19°23 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 20°42'


Dutch accomplice to a double murder committed by her husband Hendrik Jut. After the murders the couple travelled, or fled, but eventually returned to the Netherlands where they were imprisoned. Jut died relatively soon after imprisonment, while Christina lived out her twelve-year sentence. Once released she changed her surname to "De Graaf", her mother's name, and became a maid. She also remarried, but had difficulties continuing to her death in 1926.

Goedvolk met Jut in Scheveningen around 1870 and the pair entered into a relationship. Goedvolk had already had two children who had died early, while she was unmarried in Delft. In 1872 she worked briefly as a servant to the wealthy widow Maximiliana Theodora van der Kouwen-ten Cate (born on 11 May 1809 in Zundert), who in 1862 had inherited one sixth of the wealth of her sister Geertruida Löschen-Ten Cate (previously widow of the very well-off shipowner Jan Bonn).

Christina became pregnant to Jut in 1872 and the couple had money problems because he had lost his job. They thought of the rich widow, who had the habit of showing off to all kinds of people, including her servant, her jewels and other possessions, and decided to rob her. Jut borrowed ten guilders from his mother to buy two pistols and a dagger. On 14 December 1872 Jut went with Christina to Van der Kouwen's house in The Hague. While Christina distracted the widow on the top floor, he first killed Leentje Beeloo, the new maid. Then he called down the old lady and killed her too, after she had first succeeded in wounding him. Jut and Goedvolk took off with valuables, securities and money.

The Hague was in turmoil for days. A suspect was arrested and he tried to hang himself in his cell. Then two more people were arrested, but by the end of 1873 the police had to let all three go free.

Jut and Goedvolk were married on 19 February 1873. They left for New York, and sold the jewelry and cashed in the securities for over ten thousand dollars. They returned to the Netherlands after just two months and moved to Vught, where their daughter Angelica Arabella Cassandra Christina was born on 2 July 1873. The couple, however, had no rest. In February 1874 the Juts left for South Africa, but in the autumn of that year they returned to the Netherlands again. They settled in Rotterdam, where Hendrik bought a coffee house. On 7 April 1875 they had a second daughter, Atalanta Agnese Fevrenza Jut, who lived for only one day.

In the same month Jut shot his mouth off to Jan Roelfs, who had wondered how Jut became so rich. Jut and his wife were soon arrested. During the search of the house, irrefutable evidence was found in the form of a letter that the murdered widow had kept from her late husband. Public attention was enormous and Jut was presented in the newspapers as the most unscrupulous killer in history. The portraits of the "monstrous perpetrators" could be found in all of The Hague display windows, and various brochures were available in the bookshops.

Judgment in the murder case was handed down on 6 May 1876. Jut was assisted by lawyer Pieter Cort van der Linden, who later became prime minister. He received a life sentence for double murder. Many people did not think that was enough. They wanted the death penalty for Jut, but it was abolished in 1870. For fear of a lynching, he was transferred to the prison of Leeuwarden, where he died two years later, aged 26, on 12 June 1878.

Christina was sentenced to twelve years in prison for theft. She was released in 1888, but in 1890 she was sentenced to two years in prison because she had stolen two umbrellas and two pieces of soap. She settled in Haarlem in 1892 and remarried on 4 March 1896 with a German, the blacksmith Albert Münnemann. By Royal Decree of 14 June 1898 her daughter, aged 25 and already married to a Mr. Sonneville, also received the surname Münnemann, instead of the infamous name Jut.

Münnemann died in 1907. When Christina applied as a 70-year-old as "widow Munnema" at a Haarlem courthouse, she was refused on account of her "debauched" lifestyle, i.e. her relationship with a 27-year-old horticulturalist and alcohol abuse. On 17 September 1920, she obtained accommodation in the city poor house in Haarlem, dying on 26 June 1926 at the age of 79.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • spouse relationship with Jut, Hendrik (born 19 July 1851). Notes: 1873-1878
  • homicide victim relationship with Beeloo, Leentje (born 7 October 1844). Notes: Accomplice


  • Financial Crime Perpetration 14 December 1872 at 10:30 PM in The Hague (Theft and murder accomplice)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 19 February 1873 (Hendrik Jut)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 2 July 1873 (Birth of daughter, Angelica Arabella Cassandra Christina Jut)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 7 April 1875 (Birth of daughter, Atalanta Agnese Fevrenza Jut)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 1876 (Imprisoned for 12 years)
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 1888 (Released from prison)
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 1890 (Imprisoned for 2 years)
  • Relationship : Marriage 4 March 1896 (Albert Münnemann)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mate 1907 (Albert Münnemann)

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield provided birth certificate (no. 136).


  • Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Alcohol
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Age difference more than 15 yrs
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Infamous murderer)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four)
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Homicide involvement
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Prison sentence (12 years, then another 2 years)
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Thief/ Financial crime
  • Notable : Famous : Criminal cases