García Lorca, Federico

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Name
García Lorca, Federico Gender: M
born on 5 June 1898 at 23:59 (= 11:59 PM )
Place Granada, Spain, 37n13, 3w41
Timezone LMT m3w41 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Rodden
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 15°17' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 05°26 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 04°51'



Federico García Lorca

Biography

Spanish writer, a poet and playwright. Unusual looking, he had large, dreamy eyes and a big head, a clumsy body, flat feet and a rigid walk which he bemoaned, "Oh my clumsy walk!" He was afraid of crossing streets because he could not run should a speeding car approach.

The son of a wealthy landowner of Andalucia and a former school teacher, García Lorca lived happily in the Andalucian countryside. He loved being close to nature, which had a great influence in his future poems, before his family moved to Granada.

From childhood, he showed talent in music, writing and drawing. He was not a very successful student and was loathed by some uptight teachers, though praised by the teachers who recognized his talent. His great musical skill gave him the confidence to study piano with the goal of playing on the concert stage. Due to his father's objection, he was forced to take a law degree instead, in Madrid.

As a student, he lived in a university hostel. Highly popular, his friends leaned toward intellectuals and artists, including Luis Bunuel, Salvador Dali (with whom he had an ill-fated love affair) and Rafael Alberti. During 1929-30, he visited the American east coast and New York City, where he witnessed the Wall Street Crash. His visit resulted in his volume, "A Poet in New York." He concluded his journey with a visit to Cuba, where he was well received and had a happy time.

A supporter of the Spanish Republic, García Lorca founded a university theater company, "La Barraca" in 1930-32. Subsidized by the government, the company traveled throughout the Spanish villages and towns, performing the classics to the local people free of charge. In 1933-34, García Lorca was triumphantly received in Argentina, gaining commercial success with his plays and earning an affluent position. In 1934-35, he repeated his success in Spain in spite of right-wing dissidents who criticized him severely, calling him a "Jewish-Marxist" and an "atheist."

On 14 July 1936, shortly before the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, García Lorca stayed in his home town in Granada. On 9 August 1936, his presence was noted by the Nationalists (Spanish fascists) who began to search for him. Being a Republican supporter, a successful "subversive" poet and playwright and the son of a Republican liberal landowner, García Lorca was deeply loathed by the ultra-conservative and envious bourgeoisie of Granada. Physically clumsy and inept, he took refuge in the home of Luis Rosales, a Falangist poet friend. He was captured there and arrested on 16 August 1936 and charged by Ramon Ruiz Alonso, an ex-MP and a friend of Lorca's father's enemies, of being "a subversive writer, a Russian spy, a friend of minister Fernando de los Rios and a homosexual."

In spite of appeals made by his Falangist friends, García Lorca was shot down in the early hours (about 4:45 AM) of 18 August 1936* in Puente Grande, near Granada, along with a Republican school-teacher and two anarchist bull-fighters. Wounded and suffering, according to his biographer, tortured, García Lorca was given medication for ease until he died of a final gunshot. It is claimed that Juan Luis Trescastro Medina fatally shot him. His body was never found and supposedly lies buried in a mass grave by a nearby hill along with 4,000 other victims of the Nationalists. García Lorca had long held a premonition about his tragic death.

(*Given as the 19th by his biographer, Ian Gibson.)

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • lover relationship with Dali, Salvador (born 11 May 1904). Notes: Ill-fated affair
  • compare to chart of Auclair, Marcelle (born 11 November 1899). Notes: she wrote a biography about him

Events

  • Family : Change residence 1929 (Visited N.Y.)
  • Work : Start Business 1930 (Started his own production company, two years)
  • Work : Gain social status 1933 (Plays in Argentina, great popularity)
  • Work : Gain social status 1935 (Plays in Spain, great popularity)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1935 (Note poem "Lament for the Death of the Bullfighter")
  • Family : Change residence 14 July 1936 (Moved back to Granada to avoid persecution)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Crime : Arrest 16 August 1936 (Arrested and charged as spy, homosexual and subversive writer)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Homicide 18 August 1936 at 04:45 AM in Granada (Shot and killed, age 38)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Eduardo Castellanos quotes Birth Certificate and states 'birth certificate reads that he was born "a las doce de la noche" In Spanish "doce de la noche" refers to the end of the day, not at its beginning (the expression for the start of the day would be: "doce de la madrugada"). The correct time would then 23:59 on the 5th or 00:00 on the 6th.'

(Formlerly Taeger Lexicon Vol 2 had in error June 11, 1899, 23:00 LMT, quoting Lescaut for B.C. from Andre Barbault.)

Biography: Ian Gibson, "Federico Garcia Lorca: A Life," Faber & Faber, London, 1989.

Categories

  • Traits : Body : Appearance unattractive (Large head, big clumsy body)
  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Affluent family)
  • Family : Relationship : Married late/never (Never)
  • Passions : Sexuality : Gay
  • Passions : Criminal Victim : Terrorism victim (Political victim of right-wing dissidents)
  • Vocation : Education : Public speaker (Lecturer and poetry reader)
  • Vocation : Entertain/Music : Instrumentalist (Pianist)
  • Vocation : Entertain/Business : Entertain Producer (Formed univ. theatre company)
  • Vocation : Law : Attorney (Secondary)
  • Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script (Plays)
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet