Frank, Otto 'Pim'
|Birthname||Otto Heinrich Frank|
|born on||12 May 1889 at 14:00 (= 2:00 PM )|
|Place||Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 50n07, 8e40|
|Timezone||LMT m8e40 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||21°58' 14°31 Asc. 23°11'|
German-Jewish businessman, later a resident of the Netherlands and Switzerland, who was the father of Anne and Margot Frank. As the sole member of his family to survive the Holocaust, he inherited Anne's manuscripts after her death, arranged for the publication of her diary as The Diary of a Young Girl in 1947, and oversaw its transition to the stage and screen.
Otto Frank was a cousin of the well-known furniture designer Jean-Michel Frank. He studied economics in Heidelberg from 1908 to 1909 and had a work experience placement at Macy's Department Store in New York City. However, after leaving for New York, he returned home briefly after his father died in September 1909, before once again leaving for the United States, returning to Germany two years later in 1911.
Frank served in the Imperial German Army during the First World War. In 1917 he was promoted in the field to lieutenant and served at the Battle of Cambrai.
Frank worked in the bank that his father initially ran, which subsequently he and his brothers took over until it collapsed in the early 1930s. He married Edith Holländer – an heiress to a scrap-metal and industrial-supply business – on his 36th birthday, 12 May 1925, at the synagogue in Aachen, Edith's home town. Edith was 25 when they married. Their elder daughter, Margot Frank (Margot Betti), was born 16 February 1926, followed by their younger daughter, Anne (Annelies Marie), on 12 June 1929. Edith died of starvation in Auschwitz. Margot and Anne were transferred from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp where they died, possibly of typhus.
As the tide of Nazism rose in Germany and anti-Jewish decrees encouraged attacks on Jewish individuals and families, Otto decided to evacuate his family. In August 1933 they relocated to Aachen, where his mother-in-law resided, in preparation for a subsequent and final move to Amsterdam in the Netherlands. After Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, Otto transferred control of his business to his Dutch colleagues Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler, who helped the family when they went into hiding at the company premises in 1942.
At age 53, Otto Frank took his family into hiding on 6 July 1942 in the upper rear rooms of the Opekta premises on the Prinsengracht. They were joined a week later by Hermann van Pels, who was known as Herman van Daan in Anne's diary, his wife, Auguste van Pels and their son, Peter van Pels. In November, the group was joined by Fritz Pfeffer, known in Anne's diary as Alfred Dussel. Their concealment was aided by Otto Frank's colleagues Johannes Kleiman, whom he had known since 1923, Miep Gies, Victor Kugler, and Bep Voskuijl.
The group hid for two years until their discovery in August 1944. The group, along with Kugler and Kleiman, were arrested by SS Officer Karl Silberbauer. After being imprisoned in Amsterdam, the Jewish prisoners were sent to the Dutch transit camp of Westerbork and finally to Auschwitz Birkenau. It was at Auschwitz in September that Frank was separated forever from his wife and daughters. He was sent to the men's barracks and found himself in the sick barracks when he was liberated by Soviet troops on 27 January 1945. He travelled back to the Netherlands over the next six months and set about finding his family and friends. By the end of 1945, he realized he was the sole survivor of the family and of those who hid in the house on the Prinsengracht.
On 25 June 1947, the first Dutch edition of Anne's diary was issued under the title Het Achterhuis ("The Secret Annex"). Its success led to an English translation in 1952, which subsequently led to a theatrical dramatisation and eventually the 1959 film version, The Diary of Anne Frank, with actor Joseph Schildkraut as Otto.
Otto Frank married former Amsterdam neighbour and fellow Auschwitz survivor Elfriede Geiringer (1905–1998) in Amsterdam on 10 November 1953, and both moved to Basel, Switzerland, where he had family, including relatives' children, with whom he shared his experiences. Geiringer's daughter, Eva Schloss later assisted him with the Anne Frank Fonds.
In response to a demolition order placed on the building in which Otto Frank and his family hid during the war, he and Johannes Kleiman helped establish the Anne Frank Foundation on 3 May 1957, with the principal aim to save and restore the building so it could be opened to the general public. With the aid of public donations, the building and its adjacent neighbour were purchased by the Foundation. It opened as a museum (the Anne Frank House) on 3 May 1960 and is still in operation.
Otto Frank died of lung cancer on 19 August 1980 in Basel, aged 91.
- parent->child relationship with Frank, Anne (born 12 June 1929)
- other kin relationship with Frank, Jean-Michel (born 28 February 1895). Notes: First cousins
- role played of/by Glen, Iain (born 24 June 1961). Notes: 2009 TV miniseries "The Diary of Anne Frank"
- role played of/by Kingsley, Ben (born 31 December 1943). Notes: 2001 TV miniseries "Anne Frank: The Whole Story"
- role played of/by Noethen, Ulrich (born 18 November 1959). Notes: 2016 film "Das Tagebuch der Anne Frank"
- role played of/by Von Sydow, Max (born 10 April 1929). Notes: 1967 TV film "The Diary of Anne Frank"
- Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 27 January 1945 (Liberated from Auschwitz)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Hesse Archives.
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Cancer (Lung)
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Lung (Cancer)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two daughters)
- Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted (Anne Frank)
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Concentration camp (Auschwitz)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 91)
- Vocation : Business : Business owner
- Vocation : Military : Combat (WWI)
- Vocation : Military : Military service (Army lieutenant, WWI)
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ social
- Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor
- Vocation : Writers : Translator